Sex Education: Its Importance and Need in the Society

Sex Education, as the term clearly indicates, refers to education which is based on human sexual behavior. Parents, schools or caretakers offer it in some parts of the world to educate the children, who are stepping into their adolescence. If formally received, sex education is either taught as a full course at high school or junior high school level or in biology, health, home economics classes. Teaching sex education is rather a controversial issue; debates have been going on for several decades discussing if it should be taught formally in schools or not. Sex education in schools should exist without any doubts and apprehensions as it offers many benefits.

Adolescence is called the “age of storm and stress”. The young teenagers, during this phase of life are under deep psychological pressure. Mainly, this psychological pressure is the result of one’s growing sexual needs and the biological changes and hormonal effects on the individuals. During this time, most of the children are observed to become easily irritable. They find it difficult in most situations to deal with the family members. They might not want to talk to them about the natural changes taking place in their body and mind. In such circumstances, one highly suitable option is that of the teachers who are able to teach them to control their urges until a proper age. In schools, trained teachers would help the students to know how to deal with their sexual impulses. This role can not be replaced by parents or other entities. A classroom discussion and lesson would make them feel it is natural, and they would also feel that they are being understood by someone. However, taking them individually to psychologists or other trained educators would not help. In such a situation they might consider themselves to be different and misunderstood by family and people around them. Therefore, it becomes crystal clear that the best way to offer sex education is always in school.

It is a psychological phenomenon that children at young age are under an immense peer pressure. Something that they learn in the class with their peer group is what makes a better impression on their minds than otherwise. They are more focused in the lessons that teachers offer and are more eager asking question to clear their ambiguities. They might feel embarrassed and uneasy questioning their parents about it, but it always differs in case of the teacher in the class. This is because everyone in the class is going through the same stage. A class discussion becomes healthy source of learning as it helps in enhancing the knowledge on the subject.

Many people advocate that sex education should only be restricted to families, that is, that parents should personally educate their children. This view is totally illogical and holds complications and questions. The first point is that not all the parents would be willing to do it or would be able to do it. Secondly, this education needs a proper channel through which it should reach its required learners. There could be many possible problems in the families so they might not be able to take the role of a teacher in educating their children regarding sex. The demand of annulment of sex education from the schools is highly conservative.

Most importantly, there are many single parents, how would they take up this challenge of educating their children on their own? Parents can not properly educate their children about sex also because they lack details that qualified sex educators convey in schools. Thus, the stance of abolishing sex education in school is not a favorable thought. In many observed cases where parents or children are embarrassed about talking over sexual matters with each other, it is most likely to be uneasy situation at both the ends. This keeps the children from learning the answers to the questions they might have in their minds. This can be a great flaw of shifting the duty of sexual education from teachers to the parents. It will leave the children only half or less educated about the issue and as they say “Little knowledge is a dangerous thing”, this might end up in grave situations.

According to research, most of the parents also feel uneasy because they know that they are not equipped to provide the apt sexual information to their children. They also fail to comprehend what details and information should be concealed and what should be revealed, keeping in mind their children’s age. On the other hand, there might also be parents who would feel comfortable talking to their children about sexual matters, but only when the children bring the matter up.

Most parents, around the world, may also lack role models to look up to as they would not have talked over sexual issues with their own parents in their adolescent. This makes them inefficient to trigger their roles of educating their children in an effective way as the assigned teachers are able to do in schools.

Sex education is not limited to only a single branch of knowledge. This education focuses on a number of significant sexual matters that are offered with especially designed courses and programs. Sex education covers the education of relationships, sexual abstinence at a certain level and teaching to practice safe sex to the level of children who are thought to be sexually active. Therefore, its claim for being appropriate and guiding holds strong base.

At a certain age of adolescence, growing children have problems facing relationships and controlling their personal emotions. Conflicts related to such matters persuade many youngsters to commit suicides or take part in other immoral activities. Proper sex education in schools also concentrates in making the youngsters emotionally stronger and in educating ways to cope with relationship problems. This argument strongly shows the immense benefit of sex education in schools.

Sex education is an important health strategy and this cannot be denied. AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases can only be controlled if people are aware of precautions and have a vast knowledge in this case. This knowledge is conveyed through sex education, and if sex education is banned in schools and if parents have to educate their children, then it would not be as beneficial to the individuals and the society on the whole as teaching in school could be.

Sex education does not exist in all parts of the world. Asians are commonly regarded conservative when compared to westerners. It is not a part of their course in schools; this does not in any way mean that their teenage pregnancy rate is any lower if they are not exposed to sexual matters openly. In fact, this is one way how peers can mislead most of the youngsters and persuade them to bask in young age sexual relationships without any attempts for safety. This has resulted in serious problems such as the spread of fatal diseases like AIDS and has also increased rate of illegitimate births.

Researches have shown that the cause for ramification of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) in the eras of 80s and 90s in the US and the UK is the lack of knowledge and information provided about sex in schools or home. Home and family has never and will never play an integral part in conveying sex education to teenagers, therefore to rely on the option of home, is to deceive your own self from the expected exigency in the future.

Some conservative groups assert that to discuss sexual issues openly is to devalue religion. No religion in the world abstain its followers from spreading the information that is so essential for human lives. Sexual behavior is natural and takes place through biological changes and this cannot be questioned as this is a part of human life. Thus people who take refuge under the religious shelter, to make their arguments strong, are misinterpreting religious ideas and laws.

Modern time is the time of internet and powerful media. Teenagers are exposed to Hollywood, TV and internet. These sources offer demonstration of sex which is highly thoughtless and casual; in this situation it is almost illogical to leave the teenagers on their sexual choices. They are young and fully excited; therefore they can not make a favorable choice. Sex education in school offers the information and knowledge they need to understand to know the responsibility that is accompanied by sexual relationships. The teacher in school helps the students to know the difference between a thoughtless and thoughtful sex. Having an urge for sex is not a problem; it is a natural process showing that the young people are developing to become adults; however the problem is having unsafe sex and hurting people through sexual choices.

People who claim that sex education in schools have more cons than pros, often come up with the statements suggesting that sex education in classroom should be avoided because the most effective tool for offering sex education, according to them is TV, films, magazines and media. Such people fail to understand that trained sex educators under especially designed programs teach sex education to children in schools. They are thus able to handle children’s problems and clear their ambiguities in the best possible way, whereas magazines, films, TV and other channels and mediums of providing sex education are be reliable. They are most of the times urging the young people by encouraging their sexual promiscuity rather than effectively teaching and educating them. This wrong approach damages the society and the individuals in disguise of ameliorating them.

People contradicting the notion insist that sex education always makes the learners have sex and experience it personally, once they learn about it in school. The reality is that sexual urge for any human being is a natural occurrence. When children reach to a certain age, whether they find people to educated them about sex or not, they do have natural instincts about it, and therefore if provided a chance they would surely want to satisfy their urge. This natural reaction can not in any way be related to the outcome of sex education in schools. In fact, the best time for letting sex education play its role is when the sexual urge increases and the teenagers want to find a source for its satisfaction. It offers individuals with the required knowledge so that they are careful. It is only then that they understand the consequences of sex leading to child birth as well as sexually transmitted diseases. Thus sex education is basically a warning and a caution for such children who are stepping into the phase of life where they would need to know all this.

Some people who go against the topic also argue that even though sex education exists, it has still not decreased the rate of teenage pregnancies. I would rather not go deep in to the moral issue of the topic, but it is important here to discuss and point out the shortcomings of our society. Social values that insist that being single, pregnant and teenagers is fine, is what has to be changed. Through educating the children and making them aware that it is just not ‘cool’ to be pregnant when single or teenager, and just because ‘others are also doing it’ does not in any way justify their actions, this change can be achieved. There are many sexual education programs that teach the learners about the grave consequences that can result in having early sex. This type of sex education in schools is helpful and makes the learners responsible and mature enough to understand the difference between morality and immorality.

People, who are against the notion, repeatedly state the question that why sex education is given so much importance when there are also many other issues connected with juvenile delinquencies such as drugs, drinking and aggressive bullying. No doubt, there are also many other issues to consider important enough to be taught in school for awareness but psychological researches show that behind most of the juvenile behavioral problems, one main reason is always the active sexual urge which drives the young people to indulge themselves in harmful activities like drug abuse and alcoholism. It is also commonly observed that young teenagers who indulge into such activities are unaware of proper sex education. Once they are given a true picture of sex and its consequences their mental status relaxes and they are easily able to cope with other social taboos.

Parents, who believe that sex education pollutes the minds of their children, have in large number taken their children out of schools promoting sex education. In this process of instilling in their minds their religious and family values, they forget that the media, their children are largely exposed to can also lead them astray. Sex education in schools does not in any way offers them an invitation to have open sex by making them aware of the risks; it just educates them about the matter in the best way.

Apart from educating the students about safe sex, sex education in schools is also helpful as it helps students to learn proper terminology for reproductive system, STDs and birth contraceptives rather than the street lingo that is commonly used by laymen. Sex education classes are gender based and that is why the young learners are not embarrassed and are only taught what is related to their gender. Early inclusion of classes also helps the teenagers to either become abstinent for some time or to become responsible if they are already active. Therefore, many sexual problems that occur in adulthood can be controlled if effective and apt sex education is given at the right time.

A proper sex education which is holistic, nonjudgmental and comprehensive never misleads or misguides the teenagers. Such a curriculum should be imposed in all schools around the nation; it is an answer to many social problems and conflicts. Would any parent leave their kindergarten kids to walk alone on the streets without letting them know how to walk safely? No parent would actually do that, in the same way, letting your teenager children socialize with their peers and fellows without any proper sexual education is nothing contrary to the analogy mentioned above. It is hazardous and risky for their lives. Thus, proper sex education in schools should be encouraged so that they learn all the significant facts through trained teachers, who help and supports them in these matters of highly crucial value. Sex education should be taken as a positive aspect which promises healthier and better life for the youngsters. It therefore should be taken as a subject taught in schools to enhance knowledge on the subject matter; something merely as human anatomy or biology class. Sex education should be given in all schools to educate the children for their betterment, avoiding it will only result in emotional, social and health problems.

Source by Amna Tariq Shah

How To Start A Scrabble Club

If you enjoy playing Scrabble, but don’t have any friends who also like to play the game, the best thing to do is form a Scrabble® club and try to attract people from around your city. It may take a few weeks or even a few months to acquire a lot of members, but persevere and eventually you will have enough people to play with. Even if you only get one new member of your club – at least that will give you someone to play with.

When starting a Scrabble® club, the first thing to do is decide if you wish to provide all the Scrabble games used by your club, or if you want your members to bring in their own games.

A possible solution is to purchase a number of inexpensive games from the auction site eBay – or even visit your local Goodwill or other stores that sell used games. The most expensive games are the deluxe ones that come with a turntable, and burgundy tiles instead of plain wooden ones. The plastic suitcase-type Scrabble® boards come with black tiles and are quite nice also. Do a search on eBay for a couple of weeks to gauge the prices – some people will sell the game cheaply but make up the price in shipping, others will charge $20 to $30 or even more, but ship for free.

When you are first starting your club, you have no way of knowing how many people will join – unless you have a lot of friends who like to play the game and will be happy to join. Purchase three or four games just so that you can have some for emergencies.

You can also purchase inexpensive used Scrabble® dictionaries from eBay. Some Scrabble® players prefer to use “tournament rules” at all times – which means no using dictionaries. Others prefer relaxed rules – they use dictionaries during regular club meetings, but when a club holds a tournament, then no dictionaries are used. You also download two sheets called Cool Words from the Scrabble® Association website (do a Google search on “Cool Words for Scrabble®” to find the site.) This is a very helpful resource – it lists 2 letter words, 3 letter words, Q words that don’t need a U, short X and J words, and “Vowel dumps.”

Purchase a bulk amount of paper pads and pens in order to keep score.

Purchase some bulk candy and bottles of water to have at each club meeting.

Next decide on what day you want to hold your club meetings, and at what time. Depending on if you are looking strictly for retirees or for members of all ages, you could hold your meetings during the day or during the evening. If you have retirees during the day is usually the best time, if you are aiming for a variety of age groups, hold the meeting during the evening.

If your library has meeting rooms, reserve one of these on the same day, and at the same time, for four or five weeks. It is usually best to meet in a library or at a restaurant instead of at your own home, until you get to know your members.

Next, print up a few flyers advertising your club. Give your phone number, and a list of date, times and meeting rooms for the club. Specify if you’re looking for all ages or just seniors. Arrange to post these on your library’s community bulletin board. If you have used book stores or magazine stores in the city, stop in and ask if you can post the flyers. (Usually the major chains like Barnes & Noble won’t let you post flyers, but used book stores and coffee shops will.)

Depending on how many Scrabble® boards you acquire, you can bring them to and from your Scrabble® meetings in a suitcase.

Bring a book with you during the first meeting, and wait to see who shows up. If no one does, don’t despair. Do a bit more networking. Post the details of your Scrabble® club on your local Craigslist. Talk to the info person at your library and ask them to tell people about the Scrabble club. If there’s a Welcome Wagon-type organization in your city or neighborhood, put an ad in their newsletter.

After about five weeks, you’ll have at least a couple of members. Keep working on building membership, and after a few months you’ll have at least ten or fifteen with whom to play.

Source by Barbara Peterson

Meditation, Pendulum Dowsing and the Lottery? What a Combination

For some, meditation is a highly spiritual practice used to connect one with a higher power or level of consciousness. For others, meditation can be strictly medicinal, in that, it’s a clever way to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

Meditation is in fact both. The beauty of this tool is that regardless of who you are and your beliefs, it can be tailor made to suite your needs and desires.

In other words, a devoted atheist can be a devoted meditator and receive no spiritual benefit and yet still benefit from meditating. On the other hand, profound spiritual experiences can and do occur with those who take meditation to a different level.

I have been on guided meditations that have literally brought me to a point where I truly felt I was communicating with a conscious entity on a completely different level of consciousness.

Sure, some could say that this was all in my head, and perhaps it all was. In fact, it was all in my head. It was my mind that was somewhere else interacting with a spiritual being.

I guess the message I am trying to convey here is that meditation is a very important and should be practiced by everyone.

So what does pendulum dowsing and the lottery have to do with meditation? In case you haven’t read my bio, I have a fond curiosity for all things psi related. I find paranormal phenomena very intriguing and very real. In particular, I find Remote Viewing to be the most fascinating because it is taught and you can learn how to do it.

I was going through a period in my life where I was not getting the results I was looking for while meditating. Normally, I would have profound experiences where surges of vibrational energy would flow through my body, and at times, contact with deceased loved ones would come and visit me. This stuff all stopped for some reason and my motivation quickly began to dwindle.

Right about this time I was reading a book written by Dr. Courtney Brown. Dr. Brown is a mathematician, Scientist, Author of numerous books on math, physics and consciousness and an avid remote viewing researcher. Dr. Brown’s book was titled, Remote Viewing – The Science and Theory of Nonphysical Perception.

Dr. Brown’s book was very intriguing and incredibly enlightening as he commenced to make known rigorous remote viewing experiments conducted by the Farsight Institute over the past ten years. He divulged his blind, double blind and double-double blind experiments conducted and the statistical results were amazing. It was statistically impossible for remote viewing not to exist.

By the time I finished the book, I was convinced that not only was remote viewing possible but that I too could do this. I had found my motivation to meditate again. You see, in order to remote view successfully you need to quite your mind, and in order to quite your mind you need to meditate.

Now what about Pendulum Dowsing? At the time, not only was I having meditation motivation troubles and reading Dr. Browns book but I was also experimenting with pendulum dowsing. This is when it all clicked.

SIDE NOTE: In case you haven’t opened up a new tab in your web browser and already Googled remote viewing, remote viewing is a phenomena developed by the US Government in the early seventies in conjunction with Stanford Research Institute. By using a series of protocols, a remote viewer could actually psychically spy on government enemies regardless of time. That is, an event that had not occurred yet could be remote viewed and data could be collected this way.

This is not science fiction or some bad movie script, this is US Government Counter Intelligence and the program lasted twenty years.

Think about the implications. Here we have proof that looking into the future is possible. Now you might be asking yourself, if people can look into the future why are they not stopping disasters and predicting future events all of the time? Simply put, remote viewing works but not as good as you would expect. As soon as Satellite technology got good enough to spy on our neighbors, the remote viewing programs were shut down.

OK, back to dowsing, meditation and the lottery. I had an idea. Here, sitting in front of me, was tangible proof that one could predict future events, at least certain details to future events and although accuracy was not %100, it was proof that it could be done, and those who were experienced could do it far better and with greater accuracy then those who were new to the system.

This is when it clicked even a little more. Here I am dowsing with a pendulum. Pendulum dowsing is similar to remote viewing, that is, you are retrieving information from a higher level of consciousness via your sub conscious and this information is passed to the conscious via an involuntary muscle response called the idiomotor response. Think reflex. Remote viewers trigger this reflex with some kind of queue. When queued, the remote viewer will create a random scribble known as an ideogram. This ideogram contains information regarding the target the remote viewer is hoping to retrieve information from. The idea is to decipher this ideogram through a series of steps and ultimately end with useful information.

A pendulum dowser will do something similar but instead of being queued and creating a scribble to decipher, the pendulum dowser will ask a series of yes or no questions and watch the pendulum for subtle movements and receive answers this way.

I thought, why not put the remote viewing, the dowsing and the meditation together and create a system.

OK, now here comes the lottery.

So here I have a system comprised of meditation, remote viewing and pendulum dowsing. I needed a future target to help me with my program. The lottery is relatively inexpensive, the reward is tremendous, and the lottery happens every day. How about putting together a dowsing system based on remote viewing protocols and using the lottery as a target?

I did, and it worked better than I could have imagined, except for winning a million dollars of course. The system works, although it is early in its infancy and could use some improvement. I put together a 90 page eBook on the system and I show you exactly how I pick lottery numbers this way. You can try it for yourself and find out, first hand, that psi is real. Download the first two chapters for free by visiting my website http://www.dowsethelottery.com

Source by Gene Morris

Career Options After 12th Grade

When it comes to career options after 12th, there are a wide range of options that you can choose from provided you scored good marks in class XII. While some of you might take up academics to build your career in the scholastic discipline, others might love to experiment with vocational courses after sorting through a wide range of career alternatives. Choices in the professional field include technical courses like engineering and architecture.

It is important that students choose a suitable stream in class 12 to ensure that they are able to join the career of their choice after they complete the 12th grade. Very often students don’t know what career they want to take up and hence they choose a wrong stream in school. It is better to consult a career counselor before deciding on the subjects you take up in school.

If you have humanities or arts background, you can qualify for a variety of creative courses as your career options after 12th. If you are planning further studies, take up a bachelor’s degree in any of the arts subjects. You could even learn a foreign language and aim for an interpreter’s job in the consulates and embassies. Some of the choices in this regard are French, Spanish, German, Russian, Japanese or Chinese. You can even prepare for the Indian Civil Service Examinations or State Civil Service Examinations. Besides these, there are courses in advertising, journalism, mass communication, media studies, business management, performing arts, travel and tourism and more.

There are a lot of career options after 12th if you belong to the commerce stream. For instance, you can take up company secretary course, chartered accountancy, computer studies or even business management. When it comes to qualifying for chartered accountancy, you should be aware of the fact that every year only a marginal percentage of candidates qualify for these examinations. This is why a lot of students choose to do Bachelor’s of Commerce with a specialization in computers before going for CA degree.

If you are a student from the science stream, there are actually hundreds of career options. You can do engineering in any streams such as mechanical, civil, metallurgy, computers, electronics, aeronautics, maritime and others. These are the options that require a combination of physics, chemistry and mathematics in class XII. For students aspiring to take up biochemistry, biotechnology, microbiology, agricultural or dairy science, medicine or dental studies, subjects such as biology, chemistry and physics are required in Class 12. One of the major advantages as to why students take up science is that they can switch to humanities or even commerce later on.

Students after passing their 12th grade examinations can also take up vocational courses in the field of occupational therapy, physiotherapy, nursing, computers, hotel management, hospitality management or business administration. One of the principal courses in demand these days is the MBA course – Master’s of Business Administration. Further, outside the ambit of schools and colleges, enthusiastic students can take up courses in fashion technology, jewelry design, aviation, radio jockey, packaging or industrial design. It is important to get into the career of your choice to ensure that you enjoy work.

Source by Saurabh Nanda

On the Meaning of Damcar in Rosicrucian Mysticism

In the Rosicrucian manifesto, Fama Fraternitatis, the youthful Christian Rosenkreutz acquires his knowledge of mysticism during a journey to the Holy Land, in a place called "Damcar," described as a city in Arabia. While today the word "Arabia" tends to refer to the Arabian Peninsula, the Fama is probably using it merely to refer to lands inhabited by Arabs. Across four centuries, scholars have tried to identify the city of Damcar, but without success.

The likely reason for using Damcar, rather than the real name of the mystical city, is that the real name would openly identify one of the founders of the Rosicrucian brotherhood, surely something they wanted to keep a secret. In 1652, the first English translator of the Fama, Thomas Vaughan (who is quoted below), was totally confused by the meaning of Damcar, but seeing an apparent reference to Damascus and thinking Damcar may be the same place, opted to translate everything with the nonsensical "Damasco." Original German words are in brackets:

"Brother CR .. went to Damasco [Damascum], minding from thence to go to Jerusalem; but by reason of the feebleness of his body he remained still there, and by his skill in Physick he obtained much favour with the Turks: In the mean time he became by chance acquainted with the Wise men of Damasco [Damcar] in Arabia, and beheld what great Wonders they wrought, and how Nature was discovered unto them. "

Here we learn that Damcar was a city of wise men who were mystically active. Since Brother CR became familiar with them in Damascus, Syria, we have to assume that the city of Damcar is relatively close to the city of Damascus.

The Fama continues: "hereby was that high and noble Spirit of Brother CR [CRC] so stirred up, that Jerusalem was not so much now in his mind as Damasco [Damcar]; also he could not bridle his desires any longer, but made a bargain with the Arabians, that they should carry him for a certain sum of money to Damasco [Damcar]; he was but of the age of sixteen years when he came thither, yet of a strong Dutch [teutschen] constitution. "

First of all, we observe that Brother CR and Brother CRC can not be the same person because Brother CR is afflicted with "the feebleness of his body" but Brother CRC is only 16 years old and of strong constitution. Thus, while Brother CR is stuck in Damascus, Brother CRC has to be in Jerusalem. Since Brother CRC pays Arabs to carry him to Damcar, we have to assume that Damcar is relatively close to Jerusalem.

The city of Damcar is therefore close to Damascus and it is also close to Jerusalem. Where is it located? Obviously, the city of Damcar has to be located in northern Israel.

We must now concentrate on the word "Dutch" toward the end of the last quote. Since "Damcar" is an enigma, could it be an anagram of a Dutch word? Let's try DRAKEN, rearranged as Denkar, pronounced Damcar. Dragons. Yes, dragons. But a better translation of "teutschen" might be "German" rather than "Dutch." The German word for dragon is "Drachen," which is close enough because the Germanic "c", "ch" and "k" have similar sounds, and all the same arguments apply.

For the Christian mentality of the early 17th century, the words "dragon" and "Arabia" would quickly conjure up only one thing: Saint George. Everyone knew that Saint George killed the dragon, by some legends near the Bay of Beirut, and by other legends in the Holy Land or in Libya, but nonetheless all Arabic places.

Next, we must take note of the noble "Spirit" of Brother CRC, which reminds us of the two "Sancti Spiritus" and the "Spiritum Sanctum" from elsewhere in the Fama. Thus, the Fama probably wants us to view only the "Saint" as a clue (and disregard the "George" except to work in English as this was the patron saint of England!). "Saint" is a word that has five letters and begins with the letter "S."

To sum up: Damcar is a mystical city renowned for its wise men. It is located in northern Israel, and the real name of this city has five letters and begins with the letter "S."

Safed, a city of northern Isreal, was the originating city of modern mysticism, known as Kabbalah. In the 15th and 16th centuries, wise men came from many places -from as far away as Spain- to congregate there. There can be no doubt that the indicated city is Safed because the Fama refers to the Kabbalah (Cabala) or cabalists in four different places.

Isaac Luria, famed founder of the Lurianic Kabbalah, was 36 years old (16 plus 20 or the "XX" part of "CXX" in the Fama) when he arrived in Safed in 1570 after getting a cold reception in Jerusalem ( "Jerusalem was not so much now in his mind "). In sharp contrast, in Safed he was welcomed with open arms ( "there the Wise men received him not as a stranger (as he himself witnesseth) but as one whom they had long expected").

The story of Isaac Luria continues in Nova Atlantis, Rosicrucian "fragments" attributed to Sir Francis Bacon, where we encounter the mysterious "sacerdote Aegyptio." These are Spanish words inexplicably inserted into an all-Latin text. The distinction can be significant: whereas the Latin "sacerdos" generally refers to a priest, the Spanish "sacerdote" can refer to a person who performs the rites of any religion. Later, the Nova Atlantis proclaims "Erat autem Iudaeus." Isaac Luria was in fact an Egyptian rabbi.

The Nova Atlantis goes on to say that he was sometimes called the Milky Way ( "Vocabat eum etiam quandoque viam lacteam"). Luria was widely known as ha-Ari, the Lion, where Leo is a constellation of the Milky Way. And he was sometimes called the Elijah of the Messiah ( "quandoque Eliam Messiae"); Luria was noted for his frequent conversations with Elijah the prophet. And there were many other names that signaled his greatness ( "aliis compluribus nominibus magnum eum insigniebat"): Ha'ARI Hakadosh, ARIZal, Rabbi Isaac ben Solomon Luria Ashkenazi. Above all, these words are quickly followed by a direct reference to the Kabbalah ( "per secretam quandam cabalam").

In conclusion, there is ample reason to suspect that Rosicrucian mysticism is a historical derivative of the Lurianic Kabbalah. Indeed, there seem to be many parallels in the teachings and beliefs of both.

Source by Morten St.

Tips for a Successful ISO Audit

An ISO quality management or environmental management system audit can be an uneasy and stressful time for many people in companies today. This article gives 16 common sense tips for a successful audit are based on real world experiences consulting with dozens of companies and auditors over the past two decades. These tips apply to ISO 9001; ISO 13485; ISO 17025; ISO 14001; RC 14001; AS 9100 or TS 16949 audits.

In my consulting practice I have observed people at all levels in an organization getting “uptight” or having “audit anxiety” about an ISO registration or continuing effectiveness (surveillance) audit by their registrar. Proper preparation can help lower the anxiety level. These tips can help you and everyone in your organization be better prepared for the audit.

  1. Know your job, roles and responsibilities.
  2. Know where to find the appropriate procedures, forms and documents; It is o.k. to refer to them to answer questions, do not guess. Be sure all forms and records are up to date and completed properly.
  3. Be sure your work area is clean and clutter free; have files, records and information readily accessible.
  4. Know your quality policy and how it applies to your job.
  5. If you don’t understand a question, ask the auditor to clarify or repeat the question. If a question is still not clear, then ask someone to help you understand it. It could be a question that should be asked of someone else, if so tell the auditor it is not a part of your job and ask him/her to talk to ask else. Do not guess at an answer.
  6. Answer questions honestly, clearly and concisely. Do not keep on talking after you answer the question. Be aware that whatever you tell the auditor may have to be supported by the appropriate documents or records.
  7. Know what is done with a customer complaint (if it applies to your job).
  8. Know what to do with any non-conforming material (if it applies to your job).
  9. Know that we have a corrective action process and who is responsible for it.
  10. If there are regulatory or special requirements for your job, process or product know and be able to explain them (i.e. FDA, FAA, special handling requirements; soldering; sterilization).
  11. Know the quality objective and/or goals that apply to you.
  12. If there are areas of which you are unsure, do not guess, defer to someone else!
  13. DO NOT ARGUE with the auditor. Questions of the auditor are fine, but don’t argue.
  14. Remember, this is not an adversarial situation. Your company is paying the auditor to be there to do his/her job and the auditor is actually a customer. The auditor cannot fine you, send you to jail or get you fired. The auditor is there simply to insure the QMS meets the requirements of the standard.
  15. The auditor will not tell you how to do something, but may say something like “I have seen…..” Listen and learn.
  16. Be positive. We have an effective quality system and are a good company. Talk about our successes as appropriate…just be aware that anything said could require documented evidence.

Source by Davis Woodruff

Importance of Patient Education in the Hospital Setting

Shorter hospital stays related to cost containment with managed care, make another area important. That is patient education.

In hospitals who set the highest standards and have the budgetary ability for its support,there is a patient education department or at least the ability to provide to patient educational material. In most hospitals the nursing standards includes the provision of education to patients and families along with the appropriate literature related to their illness and incorporates this into nursing care.

Budget cutting that excludes the process of patient education falls short in meeting the needs of patients and fails miserably in our health care system.

What does this mean to a patient? It means from the time you enter a hospital until and including their discharge, there should be ongoing information provided.

It begins with instruction on the use of your call bell, with essential confirmation that you understand by feedback to your nurse. All the questions you are asked provide healthcare staff of important information, such as any allergies you may have. A wrist band should include your name and allergies.

Every procedure that is done to you as a patient should be preceded by an explanation as to what it is evaluating and how it is done.

Everytime a medication is administered to you, its name and action should be explained along with the provision of printed educational material.

When there is a change in your condition requiring a new plan of care you and your family should have input into it.

If you or your family member needs additional support not available through the hospital such as your community or religious support, they can be notified. Patient confidentiality prevents the hospital from making your stay there public.

Do not fear the hospital environment, but be alert to anything unusual, if your medication looks different or if you are suddenly being whisked off for a test you have not been advised of, notify your nurse. Make sure the hospital staff uses your last name in your care with frequent checks of your ID band.

When your injury or illness causes you pain. It is best to request medication before it becomes too severe as it will take time for the nurse to visit you and then obtain it for you. They should be using a pain scale to assess your pain and to be sure your pain relief is adequate.

Remember your nurse and your doctor should also be your teachers.

It is critical that any sudden pain or distress, such as chest pain or shortness of breath,be addressed promptly and it is most appropriate to call out for help if there is a delay in answering your call bell.

At the time of your discharge from the hospital, which can be overnight or a day or two.You should be given in writing discharge instructions with a verbal review for you and your family It should include new medications how they are to be taken and matching literature for reinforcement. It should advise diet and activity level, as well as return visit with doctor. There should be phone numbers and instructions for contact in the event of any complications.

In this harried time in health care try to understand the hospital has to triage in the emergency room,that means that the most critically ill patient must be seen first and often that means you must wait your turn. For non emergency type health problems it is best to use the office visit.

Ask questions freely, the harried staff will appreciate this and will give you clarifications rather then having things come undone through misunderstandings.

We are all part of this system as it is today,those who care for you also get ill and experience the same frustrations as everyone else. But, with all its imperfections, we have made great advances in healthcare and most of us will have a better quality of life because of it.

Source by Ruth Bredbenner

How Traditional Chinese Health Beliefs and Chinese Culture Influence Health and Illness?

Traditional Chinese health beliefs adopt a holistic view emphasizing the importance of environmental factors in increasing risk of disease. According to Quah (1985), these factors influence the balance of body’s harmony, yin and yang. These are two opposite but complementary forces and, together with qi (vital energy), they control the universe and explain the relationship between people and their surroundings. Imbalance in these two forces, or in the qi, results in illness.

In order to restore the balance, traditional remedial practices may be needed. For example, excess `hot’ energy can be counterbalanced by cooling herbal teas, and vice versa. These beliefs are deeply ingrained among the Chinese, and have been found to be unchanged following migration to Singapore.

Lee, et. al. (2004), found that patients with specific chronic diseases, namely arthritis, musculoskeletal diseases and stroke, were more likely to use Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This was strongly determined by the ‘chronic disease triad’, perceived satisfaction with care and cultural health beliefs.

Hence the use of TCM is not associated with the quality of doctor-patient interaction. Astin (1998) also agreed that it was seen as being more compatible with the patients’ values, spiritual and religious philosophy, or beliefs regarding the nature and meaning of health and illness.

In traditional Chinese culture, taking medication is thought to be aversive, hence medications tend to be taken only until symptoms are relieved and then discontinued; if symptoms are not obvious, medications will probably never be taken.

Apart from parental cultural beliefs, minor side effects of certain antibiotics such as stomach upset may contribute to the poor adherence of medication. The use of “leftover”, “shared” antibiotics and over-the-counter purchase of antibiotics by parents are common situations in the community.

They think that their children suffer from the same illnesses judging by the similar symptoms, so they would give the “leftover” or “shared” antibiotics to their children and only bring them to their doctors if there is no improvement (Chang & Tang, 2006). This may cause their conditions to deteriorate and may necessitate aggressive treatments later which may have unnecessary side effects.

However, there are small groups of Chinese who also blamed ill-health or misfortunes on supernatural forces, or on divine retribution, or on the malevolence of a ‘witch’ or ‘sorcerer’ (Helman, 1994). Such groups will usually seek cures from their religions.

In Singapore, the Ministry of Health has drawn up the TCM Practitioners’ Ethical Code and Ethical Guidelines to prevent any unscrupulous practitioners from preying on their patients and taking advantage of their beliefs, for example, molesting ignorant patients.

The degree of acculturation has been evidenced in the following case. An old man was brought into our hospital with a week-long history of malaise, nausea and vomiting, and sudden jaundice. He was diagnosed to have an obstructive mass in the liver.

A biopsy revealed hepatocellular carcinoma. The serological test suggested chronic active hepatitis B. When the news broke to his son that his father had cancer, he requested not to disclose that to his father.

When we discussed end of life issues such as hospice care and “do-not-resuscitate” (DNR) orders, the son tried to divert the discussion to other issues such as when his father could go home.

Cultural Issues that may be involved in this case are:

The Chinese tend to protect the elderly from bad news.

Believing in karma – the older folk believe that discussing illnesses or death/dying is bad luck. They think that talking about something bad will cause it to come true.

There is an increased incidence of liver cancer resulting from Hepatitis B due to delayed treatment in the elderly, as it may take a long time for them to accept the initial diagnosis.

Reference:

Astin JA. (1998). Why patients use alternative medicine. J Am Med Assoc 1998; 279: 1548-1553.

Chan, G. C. & Tang, S. F. (2006) Parental knowledge, attitudes and antibiotic use for acute upper respiratory tract infection in children attending a primary healthcare clinic in Malaysia. Singapore Medical Journal, 47(4):266

Helman, C. G. (1990) Culture, Health and Illness. Wright, London.

Quah, S. R. (1985) The Health Belief Model and preventive health behaviour in Singapore. Social Science and Medicine, 21, 351-363.

Lee GBW, Charn TC, Chew ZH and Ng TP. (2004). Complementary and alternative medicine use in patients with chronic diseases in primary care is associated with perceived quality of care and cultural beliefs. Family Practice, 21(6): 654-660.

Source by Maurice Wong

The Kingship of the Believer

The preacher looked out over the large congregation and said “Are there any priests here today?” The people were surprised and fidgeted in their seats. Many looked around to see if there were any men with the telltale clerical collar.

The pastor continued “Will all the priests present this morning please raise your hands.” Again the people wondered if the pastor thought a busload of Catholic priests had mingled in with the congregation.

Then some of the men and women cautiously raised their hands. The pastor chuckled and said “Every hand should be raised. If you are a born-again Christian you are a priest! The Bible says in First Peter 2:9 we are a royal priesthood!”

The above illustration shows how uncomfortable we are with the term “priest.” We associate it with Catholicism or high church Protestantism. All born-again Christians are priests.

A priest is someone who approaches God on behalf of others. A priest is an intercessor. Whenever you pray for others you are fulfilling a priestly function. In the 1500’s during the Reformation, Martin Luther trumpeted the biblical truth of the priesthood of the believer. Luther had to counter the unbiblical Catholic concept of a limited priesthood ordained by Rome.

The Reformation of the 1500’s brought great spiritual freedom but the political reformation of the 1600’s brought Bible truths into the political arena. The Bible teaches not only the priesthood of the believer but also the royalty of the believer. First Peter 2:9 says that we are a royal priesthood and Revelation 1:6 says that Christ has”made us kings and priests unto God.” It’s bad enough that Christians are uncomfortable with the term “priest” but Christians are almost completely ignorant of the fact that we are kings!!!

I have written several articles showing that it was the Bible that provided the basis for western civilization’s concepts of human rights and democracy. The Bible’s teachings on the sanctity of life, its teaching that man is created in God’s image, the dignity of man and the biblical concept of the freedom of the believer (Romans 14:2-6) are the very basis for the freedom and prosperity we enjoy today.

In the 1600’s the Protestant Reformation was well established in northern Europe. It is precisely in northern Europe, especially the British Isles, where the greatest strides were made in the advance of freedom. The English civil war with the triumph of parliamentary forces and the overthrow of King Charles, the formation of the Cromwellian Republic, the bloodless revolution of 1689 all advanced the Biblical concept that the people, not a wealthy elite, should rule.

Consider the example of Thomas Hooker (1586-1647). He was a Congregational preacher with strong Puritan and non-conformist views. He taught that the spiritual reformation under Luther should be extended into the civil government. Not surprisingly Hooker was summoned to the Court of High Commission in 1630. He fled to Holland that year and in 1633 sailed for Massachusetts. He pastored a church in Newtown Massachusetts for three years and then in 1636 migrated with his congregation to the Connecticut River valley and founded Hartford in the new colony of Connecticut.

Hooker was largely responsible for writing and securing the adoption of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (The Connecticut constitution) in 1639. He also worked to form the New England Federation in 1643. Thomas Hooker’s teaching of the biblical concept that Christian people should govern themselves and their communities as co-regents served to promote and clarify the concept of the royalty of the believer.

The concept of the royalty of the believer compellingly leads to democracy because a community of co-equal kings must vote in a democratic process to pass laws. Rather than having one all powerful king ruling by decree without consulting the people, the people themselves are kings who must consult and confer with each other.

More than a century later it was Protestant, Calvinistic New England that was the hotbed of the American Revolution. New England in the mid 1700’s was the Bible belt of the colonies.

The theology of the New England churches was Calvinism. Calvinism is a form of Christian Fundamentalism. Calvinism is a very conservative understanding and application of the Bible. The secular version of the history of the American Revolution is that it had to do with taxation issues. That is a gross oversimplification. Of the more than twenty formal causes of war listed in the Declaration of Independence only a few had to do with taxation. The real causes of the Revolution were much more compelling.

Slavery was one issue. Massachusetts wanted to abolish slavery but was forbidden to do so by the Crown. It is interesting that one of the first acts of the Continental Congress was the resolution passed on April 9th 1776 calling for an end to the importation of African slaves into the colonies.

Massachusetts abolished slavery immediately after the war. Slavery continued in the new nation only to hold the South. Time will fail me to discuss the biblical concepts and Christian activism that led to the ultimate abolition of slavery at the time of the U. S. Civil War. Let’s jump ahead now to our own times, to America in the early 21st century. Theologically conservative Christians are well aware of our priestly role as intercessors and worshippers. We are, however, hugely divided when it comes to our role as kings (and queens).

The truth is we cancel out each other’s votes!!! Some of us vote for the liberal who promotes abortion but makes empty promises to help the poor. Others of us vote for the pro-life candidates.

If we voted as a bloc we would be a reliable rudder that would steer America to righteousness! The church’s confusion on politics and the refusal by many Christians to even discuss politics is what I call the scandal of the neglected crown.

The compelling political issue of our time is the mass murder of the unborn called abortion. I believe abortion is the greatest abomination of our time. Over one million human beings, created in God’s image, are murdered by abortion every year in the united States alone.

For this reason the issue of abortion is weightier than all other domestic issues put together. We Christians should certainly be able to 100 percent agree on this issue! Abortion is the top domestic policy issue but we should also agree that the protection of Israel is the weightiest foreign policy issue. The liberals claim to have compassion on the poor but abortion disproportionately devours the poor and the minorities. Most abortion clinics are located in the inner city in poor and minority neighborhoods. I rejoice to hear much needed teachings on Christians making a difference in the marketplace. The concept of a Joseph company of Christian believers restoring the land is one of God’s priorities.

We must not forget that Joseph was a civil servant and not a businessman in the pure sense. Joseph was the highest ranking government official beside Pharaoh.

Entering government is one of the purest forms of Christian activism. Why limit ourselves to marching in the streets with placards when we can sit on the town board or city council or Congress and make the decisions? In revelation 12:14 the woman (the church) was given the two wings of a great eagle. I believe these two wings are left wing politics and right wing politics. Leftists have a burden of compassion on the poor. Rightists are more concerned with law and order and are pro-business. Both wings are needed. Christians are needed to manage welfare reform to end the secular false philanthropy that traps the poor in utter dependence. Christians are needed on the right to empower business and job creation and end the ungodly tendency of secular business to exploit workers and pollute the environment.

Left and right must unite in voting the pro-abortion people out of office!!! We should not be reluctant to preach against abortion from the pulpit.There have been many prophecies and many teachings about kingdom prosperity to finance the harvest of souls. Christ has made us kings and priests. We should boldly enter into public service, public office and the business arena and not be ashamed to talk politics. We’ve been good priests, it’s time we become good kings.

Source by William Nugent

How to Become a PRINCE2 Trainer

Becoming an Approved PRINCE2 Trainer and being sponsored by an Accredited Training Organisation means that you can provide accredited PRINCE2 training. The market for PRINCE2 training courses is large and appears to be growing – not only in the UK, but internationally too. Tens of thousands of candidates around the world take the PRINCE2 Foundation and Practitioner exams each year, and large numbers of them prepare for those exams by completing PRINCE2 courses. The PRINCE2 project management method is designed to be suitable for running any project in any industry, making it a popular choice for a very wide range of organisations.

PRINCE2 trainer requirements

If you are aiming to qualify as an Approved PRINCE2 Trainer, you need to meet the following requirements:

  • A score of at least 66% in the PRINCE2 Practitioner exam
  • At least 2 years’ experience of delivering training courses
  • At least 2 years’ experience of project management (or having delivered at least 2 full PRINCE2 Foundation & Practitioner courses under the guidance of an existing Approved PRINCE2 Trainer)

You also need to find an Accredited Training Organisation that is willing to sponsor you to become an Approved PRINCE2 Trainer. Before agreeing to sponsorship, the ATO is likely to want to prove that you meet the above requirements. It is therefore a good idea to have your PRINCE2 Practitioner candidate number to hand and mention your plans to current or former colleagues who could provide references, if required.

Training the PRINCE2 trainer

After an ATO has agreed to sponsor you, you will complete a trainer sponsorship programme (often called ‘PRINCE2 Train the Trainer’), which aims to help you develop and refine your PRINCE2 training skills. The programme may include giving presentations to existing trainers; conducting training sessions for delegates; familiarising yourself with course materials and any relevant computer software required to deliver a PRINCE2 course; discussions with existing trainers about how to improve your training style, and so on. Such activities are designed to prepare you for a formal assessment, during which you should demonstrate that you possess the ability to conduct successful PRINCE2 courses. As part of the formal assessment, you will be observed training delegates and also interviewed about your knowledge of PRINCE2. The assessor will present his/her findings to you, and then produce a written report. Based on your performance, the assessor will decide whether or not to recommend that you are awarded Approved PRINCE2 Trainer certification.

If you pass the assessment, you will be certified as an Approved PRINCE2 Trainer for 3 years, subject to yearly monitoring. Before the end of the certification period, you will be re-assessed in order to check whether or not you continue to conform to the standards expected of an Approved PRINCE2 Trainer. In addition, 3-5 years after you have passed the PRINCE2 Practitioner exam (and every 3-5 years subsequently), you will need to prove that your PRINCE2 knowledge is up-to-date by passing the PRINCE2 Re-registration exam with a score of at least 66%.

Enjoy your PRINCE2 training career

While the role of an Approved PRINCE2 Trainer can be challenging, it also has the potential to be highly enjoyable and diverse. For example, you may have the opportunity to train in numerous locations, perhaps delivering PRINCE2 courses in Europe, Asia, Africa, or other regions. You will also have the satisfaction of knowing that your training equips people with a leading method of managing projects, which is designed to help organisations improve their ability to deliver successful projects on time, on budget, and on schedule in today’s competitive business world.

PRINCE2® is a registered trade mark of the Cabinet Office

Source by Simon Buehring