Top 5 Tips To Score Top Marks In Statistics Exams

Some subjects hold the unique distinction of being different from the usual ones. Accounting and statistics are good examples of such subjects. When a student looks at statistics for the first time, the terminology in itself is enough to confuse him/her and scare them away! However, by following a few tips and strategies, students can surely pull themselves together and master this intensely difficult subject and secure top marks! Here are a few top tips for students to achieve success in their statistics exams and score the coveted A grade.

Read through the given data and write down the essentials

When given a problem, students should read through it more than once and write down the essentials before attempting to solve it. This is a good practise not only when it comes to statistics but also for other subjects like math, accounting and physics. In fact, this is a popularly recommended practise by expert teachers in the subject. When students seek statistics homework help online, this is the very first thing that they are taught to do.

Be careful while reading from graphs and images

While reading from graphs, it is important to note down what the axes represent. This should be the first thing one must do when reading a graph and then go through the problem statement and write down what needs to be done. This is the key to working with graphs and images.

Don’t get confused with the terminology

It is often observed that students get confused between various terms such as mean, median, standard deviation and variance and so on. To tackle this problem, it is important that students understand what exactly these terms refer to and be able to identify them when working in a problem. This will solve half the troubles when it comes to performing in exams.

Understand how transformations in a data set affect the summary statistics

Apart from understanding the terminology used completely, learning how data manipulations and transformations affect the summary is quite important. For example, adding a number say x to each element in the data set affects the mean and median (they also increase by the number x). The standard deviation and variance are however unaffected by this. Understanding the reason behind this and learning such transformations can come in handy during exams. Most tutors take care to sensitize towards data manipulations and transformations while they seek statistics homework help or assignment help.

Understand the implications of the logarithmic transformations

Being able to understand log patterns and applying log transforms to numbers is quite helpful as the logarithm can be used to tone down the magnitude of the numbers and they thus become easier to work with. Similarly, understanding various patterns such as the theme explored in braces (when x and y are exponentially related, the scatter plot of the number x and log y will have a linear pattern) will help working with tough problems very easy.

Source by Sunil D. Kumar

US Manufacturers of Gun Safes and a Closer Look at AMSEC Gun Safes and Cannon Gun Safes

When shopping for manufacturers of gun lockers and safes, it's a good practice to stick with manufacturers who have to answer to higher standards to remain competitive on the market. In the USA, that often means providing quality on a local level. American-made products usually have to adhere to a higher standard in order to remain viable. Here is an alphabetical list of some US manufacturers of gun safes, and what to expect.

American Security Safes Otherwise known as "AMSEC," the AMSEC gun safes have enjoyed a solid reputation amongst gun owners for decades, the company began in 1948. Being produced in California, arguably the strictest state in the union when it comes to regulatory standards of safe production (eg: "CA DOJ Approved" symbol for gun safes), AMSEC knows their trade. They made a name for themselves by becoming the first safe manufacturer to receive the UL's TL-15 and TL-30 classification for anti-theft devices on their safes. They were also the first to create round door vaults – an innovative design that deters burglary. American Security Safes found the high price of these round doors was enough to send them to the drawing board to create a cost-effective, albeit secure, square and rectangular door design. They are driven to provide quality at a reasonable price.

Cannon Safes Cannon has been in the safe-manufacturing business over 4 decades. Their mission has been to give affordable security options, and have backed their products with one of the best warranties on the market. A Cannon gun safe is backed by their lifetime warranty. Canon offers a lifetime replacement guarantee, and will pay for a safe tech to open your safe after an attempted burglary, fire or other disaster. They will also pay for onsite repair, or for the shipping charges to send the safe to and from their factory in the case of any of these disastrous events. The reason being, Cannon gun safes are a permanent investment in the company's eyes. As to security rating, their safes are UL RSC certified against break-in, and Intertek-ETL has certified their fire rating from 30 minutes on some models to 90 minutes on their Safari models.

Liberty Liberty is a Utah-based company, a newcomer to the industry by industry standards (1988), but nonetheless they have used the best business practices to make a significant name for themselves. Their safes are rated from the UL, Underwriter's Lab. They quickly worked their way to a leading position of full-sized home safes in the US with good working ethics and purchasing National Security Safe, Co. in '97. They also designed door technology with their "HiSecurity Composite" doors, which layered fireboard, hardened plate-steel, and steel for added fire and security quality. Their bolt works is also a patented system, and Liberty introduced an innovative shelf system that was adjustable.

Spotlight: American Security Safes

As stated previously, AMSEC gun safes are some of the best made, with a history to show for it. They developed a composite construction, combining hard-plate along with concrete, which was then and remains a winning design to thwart fire as well as theft. Due to their innovative designs and focus on anti-theft construction, the UL tested and found AMSEC gun safes worthy of the anti-theft ratings TL-15 and TL-30, which remains one of the best ratings on the residential safe market. The rating means that the safes in question can withstand a concerted tool-attack by burglars for 15 or 30 minutes, and the US Department of Justice statistical data shows that most burglary attacks against safes average about 7 minutes. In other words, these safes will buy the necessary time it takes to protect your investments.

American Security Safes has been around since 1948, started by Glenn Hall. In the beginning, Glenn only began with a welding machine and lathe, and wanted to build a secure safe that would withstand burglary attempts. AMSEC gun safes are still designed with this focus in mind, and through the decades they have made significant strides in engineering to keep ahead of the game.

One such design was the round door. These were very effective deterrents against theft, but carried a high production cost. Nonetheless, this feature was a design innovation that kept AMSEC ahead of the competition, and their design was a standard against which others were measured.

As the demand for safes grew, American Security wanted to make their safes more affordable for the common man. The door was redesigned to a square shape to accommodate, while maintaining a high level of security for the consumer. This required other changes to the bolt works in order to keep the standard of security high, this all took place in the 1960's. During the 90's, AMSEC was the very first company (in the US) to receive the UL's burglar rating (see above), which was ahead of the competition. In fact, very few manufacturers bother with this high degree of security, keeping AMSEC's concern for burglary ahead of most manufacturers to this day, with few exceptions.

American Security Safes is still pushing their production to a self-imposed higher standard. Another example is how they subject their electronic locks the a standard called, "Mil 0202-Method 106," which is a military-grade standard to check for electronics reliability.

As of date, AMSEC gun safes are produced using the best in welding construction practices, and the company is churning out around 600k safes / year, from Fontana, CA. When you buy AMSEC gun safes, you'll be treated to affordable quality and scratch-resistant interiors, with gun racks, shelves and plenty of space. They also offer a fantastic "No Cost" warranty – no cost for shipping, repair, replacement in the event of a burglary attempt or fire.

Spotlight: Cannon Gun Safes

Cannon gun safes are produced by Cannon Safes, whose motto is, "Nothing protects like a Cannon." They have been in business over 4 decades, and have been making innovation their game plan. They specialize in creating design break-throughs, and back all of it up with a strong "for life" guarantee. Like AMSEC, they have a lifetime warranty that covers the shipping, parts and labor or replacement for a safe under theft attempt, flooding or fire damage.

Cannon offers 5 main lines of safes: Traditional, Cannon, Patriot, American Eagle and Safari. They do also offer Home and Office safes, which are more along the line of personal-sized safes as opposed to the larger gun locker-style safes. Cannon is also making a line of wall safes.

Beginning with the Traditional Series, and there are a handful of safes in this line, are beautiful to look at. Elegance may not be what you think of when considering a safe, but there you have it. This class of safe offers rounded edges on the exterior, which reportedly offers greater strength. The interior is top-notch, with oak facing on the shelves, upholstered surfaces, and even interior lighting options and a dehumidifier option as well. Their fire rating is ETL-rated at 1200 F for 90 minutes. The door handle is also beautiful: 5 spokes, protected with a better-than-required Type 1 UL rated electronic lock (industrial grade). For security, the safe has multiple relockers in case of theft attempt, and a bolt-down option as well.

Their Safari Series, which is split between a more economical "Serengeti" and the top-of-the-spectrum "Dangerous Game" series, is the latest design of the Cannon gun safes. The Dangerous Game Cannon gun safe comes in several selections. Boasting gorgeous pin striping and a painted bust of a water buffalo, the Dangerous Game series is essentially the Traditional (the top of the line), but with a Safari design to it. The edges are rounded, like the Traditional, and the interior has velour-lined shelving for an added bit of luxury.

Other features of Cannon gun safes that are nice touches (may not be available on all models): the interior LED lighting, which comes on as the door is opened (like a refrigerator) and shuts off when you close the door, is a great touch! So is the dehumidifier rod that you can opt for, though you can usually purchase them after-market. Of course, you can just use desiccant packs, but the cord-opening is a nice touch to keep mildew down. The Cannon "Tru-Rack" system is one of the only racking options on the market that allows you to rack as many guns as you're being advertised, so their 36-gun safes can actually hold 36 long guns.

The Serengeti is fire-rated for 60 minutes at 1200 F by the ETL, while the Dangerous Game is rated at 90 minutes. The Serengeti's door is a composite 1.5 ", the Dangerous Game is 2.25" composite, and both have double steel construction of either 10 or 12 gauge steel with fire protection. Another difference is the capacity, where the Serengeti is smaller, the Dangerous Game goes up to a 36-gun capacity.

No matter what product you are buying from American Security Safes or Cannon Gun Safes, you'll be sure that your investment will be protected by excellent design, reputations, and warranties that should ensure you you're making a wise decision.

Source by Devon Knight

The Modern Significance of Hawthorne’s Suspicion of Science

Many of Hawthorne’s characters are burdened by inner conflicts which are never resolved into a tidy resolution. “The Birthmark”, however, has a more clearly defined moral than some of Hawthorne’s other work. The social significance of this story that was written over 150 years ago endures into our modern era with alarming clarity. An obsession with physical perfection and the battle between scientific progress and human morality are paramount in the minds of many in today’s society. This article will explore two primary points: first, it will focus on how “The Birthmark” compares to some of Hawthorne’s other work with similar themes; next, it will weave these themes together to show how his work explores these issues in haunting detail and could serve well as a mirror to modern-day values.

Hawthorne’s mistrust of science is evident in the “mad scientist” motif employed in many of his tales. In “The Birthmark”, Aylmer is a megalomaniacal scientist who thinks himself omnipotent: “No king on his guarded throne could keep his life if I, in my private station, should deem that the welfare of millions justified me in depriving him of it”. In “Rappaccini’s Daughter”, Dr. Rappaccini is a “mad scientist” conducting experiments on his daughter which involve poisonous plants. And in “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment”, the protagonist experiments with a fountain of youth elixir on his friends. Although Heidegger’s results aren’t fatal, as in the other two stories, they are, indeed, dismal and are no less subject to ethical criticism.

To put the theme of “The Birthmark” into a modern perspective, we need only to reiterate that the pursuit of physical perfection and the willingness to go to any lengths to get it is one of the grand themes of modern-day thinking. Georgianna’s birthmark symbolizes her liability to sin, sorrow, decay, and death and she is willing to forego the danger involved to have it removed: “There is but one danger-that this horrible stigma shall be left upon my cheek… Remove it, remove it, whatever be the cost”. We need only recall the Phen-fen and Redux debacle of a few years ago and reflect on the present “perfection” techniques now being widely used such as breast implants, liposuction, and scores of other dubiously “safe” cosmetic surgery procedures to see that the mindset of Aylmer and Georgianna is still quite relevant today. While it is true that Georgianna did not appear to have an issue with her birthmark until Aylmer made it an issue, it must be stated that the influence of family and peers plays a significant role in the way people think about themselves and in their decision making. Let us compare the response of Georgianna to that of a modern woman who is contemplating plastic surgery. Author Kathy Davis takes us into the examining room of a health insurance agency on the morning for applicants who are seeking coverage for cosmetic surgery:

I have no idea what to expect as the patient enters the room. She is a slender, pretty woman in her early twenties who looks a bit like Nastassia Kinski… Hunched forward and with eyes cast downward, she begins to explain that she is “unhappy with what she has”. “I know I shouldn’t [compare] myself to other women”, she whispers, “but I just can’t help it.”

The Aylmers of today are the plastic surgeons and drug-peddling physicians who feed the unrealistic notion that a woman’s body is unacceptable unless it appears to be a jackpot winner in the “genetic lottery”. Despite the changes in cultural beauty ideals over time, one feature remains constant according to Davis; namely, that beauty is worth spending time, money, pain, and perhaps even life itself. The hand-shaped birthmark which pervaded the world of Georgianna and Aylmer also has an obsessive vice-like grip on our century-it is squeezing the life out of some, and the humanity out of others. As H. Bruce Franklin points out, “The Birthmark” is both an intricately wrought science fiction and a commentary of what Hawthorne saw as the fiction of science.

“Rappaccini’s Daughter” is another tale which explores research gone amok as the doctor has created a daughter who lives in a poisonous garden and is poisonous herself. Like Aylmer, Rappaccini sees himself as God-like. This argument is advanced by Franklin’s interpretation of the basic allegory in the tale: “Rappaccini, creator of the [poisonous Eden], in trying to be God exposes his daughter, the Adam of this inverted Eden, to a modern snake in the grass, Baglioni, who persuades the Eve-like Giovanni to introduce the fatal food into the learned fool’s paradise”. Rappaccini’s delusions of grandeur are apparent as he attempts to justify his experiment to his dying daughter: “Dost thou deem it misery to be endowed with marvellous gifts… Misery to be able to quell the mightiest with a breath? Misery, to be as terrible as thou art beautiful”. This air of omnipotence is nowhere more evident than in the physicians today whose life-prolonging machinery allows them to literally decide life and death. And we, of course, cannot forget the good Dr. Kevorkian and the euthanasia issue which has turned into a battle of rhetoric that theologians and scientists will probably never agree on. Aylmer and Rappaccini can best be likened by making a comparison of Georgianna and Beatrice. In his critical response to the stories, Madison Jones observes: “Both women die as the consequence of attempts, devised by human science, to purge their natures”. With both tales, Hawthorne sets human morality and science on a collision course that has not altered its path into the present day.

“Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” introduces a scientist who shares Aylmer’s confidence that he can reverse natural processes with the same result: bad science putting others at risk. At first glance, Heidegger seems more playful and less dangerous than Aylmer and Rappaccini: “My dear old friends… I am desirous of your assistance in one of those little experiments with which I amuse myself in my study”. But according to Madison Jones, our response to his virtues does not make him any less diabolical. Heidegger’s attempt to manipulate nature by granting eternal youth might be paralleled to today’s issues of genetic engineering and cloning. Both are attempts to manipulate the natural order of things. The dichotomy of Hawthorne’s time and ours can be merged when we consider an issue such as cloning. Dr. Bruce Donald of the Church of Scotland offers: “Faced with such a fertile prospect, the human imagination runs riot… we might clone humans to select out genetic defects or select for desirable traits (Donald). Some would argue that this is a good thing but Donald contends that the motives proposed turn out to be for the benefit of the person who wants the cloning done, not for the person so produced. This sounds remarkably close to Dr. Heidegger’s motives, because we have evidence to support that he created the elixir “for his own amusement” rather than chiefly for the benefit of his friends. With these three tales, Hawthorne extends his list of scientific grievances.

While these three stories offer immediate insight into modern concerns, other Hawthorne tales do the same although they may not be quite so straightforward. “Ethan Brand” presents another scientist whose pride leads him astray. In this story, Hawthorne creates a model of self-destructive perfectionism; Brand ruins himself as surely as Aylmer kills Georgianna (Bunge 30-32). In “The Artist of the Beautiful” Owen tries to make machinery look natural, but his art, like Aylmer’s science, is a hopeless attempt to evade reality. And “The Prophetic Pictures” introduces us to a painter who thinks he can predict the future, and thus, control time. He has a madness not unlike Aylmer’s and with similar consequences. The modern significance of all these stories can be tidily summed up with one observation by Richard Harter Fogle: “Man’s chief temptation is to forget his limits and complexities…”

Hawthorne’s foresight into the future was quite remarkable. Although his work is dated, the ethical questions which he raises remain valid today. Georgianna’s absorption of Aylmer’s obsession can be likened to today’s women jumping on the bandwagon of fad diets and questionable cosmetic procedures. On another point, Hawthorne’s suspicion of science seems a little less unreasonable now that it might have in his day when we consider our capacity to destroy the planet with nuclear weapons. Fogle comments that while Hawthorne’s conception of science has generally been considered old-fashioned by his critics, the joke would seem to have turned against them with the growth of modern science and technology. Aylmer, Rappaccini, and Heidegger all represent the claims of modern science, from the miracle diet pills, cosmetic surgeries, and anti-aging creams and potions, to Minoxidil, to Viagra which allows the “soldier”on permanent KP duty to finally issue a sharp military salute. Some of our “miracle” science appears to work, but some has dire consequences.

Finally, we have examined how Hawthorne’s themes form a common bond to modern-day practical and ethical questions. Hawthorne, himself, had an obsession with his ancestral past, so it is ironic that he produced work that would prove to be a prelude to the future. Hawthorne wants us to see that “human perfection” is an oxymoron. On this point, Fogle notes that Aylmer’s tragic flaw is failing to see the tragic flaw in humanity. Hawthorne’s “mad scientists” cannot come to terms with the fact that humanity and imperfection are inseparable. But still today, we are no less apt to buy into the rantings of our own mad scientists and snake oil salesmen on late night infomercials who infest our society and promise us perfection. Madison Jones sums up the foresight of Hawthorne supremely: “Like many a reformer in our day, Aylmer would have human nature reconstituted or else not at all. Hawthorne, if unconsciously, was looking well ahead. But genius has always been at least one part prophecy”. Hawthorne’s moral makes a plea to us to accept our own imperfections. This moral can be expressed through a quote from-of all people-David Letterman. In an interview that I remember from a few years ago, Letterman was asked by an actress what he would change about his physical appearance if he could. Letterman’s reply was, “Well, I wouldn’t change anything. I figure, these are the cards I was dealt-what the hell- I’ll play ’em”. Hawthorne would have probably liked Letterman.

Source by Rick L. Huffman

California Cyber Bullying Laws to Protect Your Children and Teens

Since home computer systems have grown so popular, there have been more men, women, and children that become the targeted victims of cyber bullying. This is an extremely frustrating and sometimes frightening problem that can quickly be solved when a reverse email look-up is performed by an experienced private investigator. The California cyber bullying laws that have been enacted can also be of great help to people that are experiencing this type of harassment.

The Education Code Sections 32260 through 32262, it simply refers to the partnership formed between Law Enforcement and Schools. This partnership is comprised of the Attorney General and the Superintendent providing instruction to students of the Public School System. This is a partnership that is commonly known as the Interagency School Safety Demonstration Act of 1985. As a form of protection of all students this is one of the California cyber bullying laws that consists of the following:

Policies and programs shall be put in place that is required to carry out Article 5 provisions, starting with Section 32280. The administrators of safe school programs, all activities, procedures, and training that are conducted in accordance with this chapter.The cooperation of other state and federal agencies of other states when it comes to the matter of safety in schools.While attending classes on any of the campuses of the California School System, it is the right of each and every student to be ensured that the campus will be peaceful, secure, and safe. Without each of these elements, it is practically impossible for students to benefit from the specific educational programs they are a part of. This is precisely why this chapter of the California Cyber bullying laws was developed.

Legislature’s intent is for the agencies that serve California’s youth, school districts, law enforcement agencies, and county offices of education to all work together. They are encouraged to create and use various types of programs of in-service training, interagency strategies, and different kinds of activities that are geared towards reducing issues with bullying and other problems that often occur within the school system. California cyber bullying laws in this section refer to bullying that occur with the use of various types of electronic devices. This would include home computer systems, mobile phones, pagers, home telephones, and video recorders.

If one of your children has been experiencing the trauma that cyber bullying can cause, you are urged to review the valuable information contained in the Education Code Sections 32260 through 32262 of the California cyber bullying laws. Another helpful step to put a halt to this type of situation would be to have a reverse email look-up performed by a professional private investigator.

Copyright (c) 2011 Opperman Investigations Inc.

Source by Ed Opperman

How To Use VBA Code To Remove Blank Lines From A Text File

If you've ever worked with text files, you'll know how frustrating it can be to remove empty lines. Part of the problem is that you do not want to remove every blank line otherwise it might upset the formatting of the document.

This article will show you how to remove a set number of blank lines from a text file using some common sense VBA coding.

Opening And Reading The Text File

The logic of the code involves reading each line of the file, and saving the line into a text string if it meets our criteria. Then, we'll write the text string back into a new file.

First, we'll access the file system object (FSO) and open the file, which we've named "blanks.txt". The code for accessing the file system is the sort of procedure you might want to save in a code library for future reference.

  Dim fso As Scripting.FileSystemObject 
Set fso = New Scripting.FileSystemObject
Dim myFile As Object
Dim filePath As String

filePath = ActiveWorkbook.path & " files blanks.txt"
Set myFile = fso.openTextFile (filePath)

Removing The Blank Lines

Now, we can read each line in the file but first we need to consider the code we need to discard the blank lines.

We'll start by defining several variables and give them initial values.

  'Include the line in the new file? 
Dim includeLine As Boolean

'The text string to write the included lines to
Dim allTxt as string

'The number of blank lines to include in the new file
Dim countBlanks As Long

countBlanks = 1
includeBlanks = 0
includeLine = False

The initial setting for blank lines is set at 1, so we do not upset any paragraph breaks. If we wanted to remove every blank line we'd set the variable to 0.

Now we can read the file and tell the code which lines to write to the new file.

  Do Until myFile.AtEndOfStream 

includeLine = False

txt = myFile.ReadLine

The default for each line is to not include it in the new file unless it meets the criteria defined in the next few lines of code. The number of blank lines are counted until a non-blank line is found and then the counter is set back to zero.

  Select Case Len (txt) 

Case 0

If countBlanks <includeBlanks Then includeLine = True

countBlanks = countBlanks + 1

Case Else

countBlanks = 0

includeLine = True

End Select

If the line meets our parameters, then we add it with a new line character to the txt string and continue the loop.

  If includeLine Then 
allTxt = allTxt & txt & vbCrLf
End If

With the reading of the text file completed, we close the file and write the text string to the new file.

filePath = ActiveWorkbook.path & " files blanksRemoved.txt"
Set myFile = fso.CreateTextFile (filePath)
myFile.Write allTxt
Set fso = Nothing

With this type of file editing, it's important not to overwrite the original file in case something unexpected occurs and you lose all the data. Even when you are sure the code is working correctly it makes sense to make a copy – using VBA – to safeguard the original data.

Because working with text files is a common occurrence for most Excel developers, it's a good idea to develop relevant procedures that you can save for future reference – instead of searching for the answer when time is at a premium.

Source by Andy L Gibson

Private Singing Lessons – Pros & Cons

Do you want to improve your singing and are considering private singing lessons from a local vocal coach? If so then you should really consider the following pros & cons before making the decision of how you want to learn how to sing.

Private Singing Lessons Pro

(1) Instant feedback. It is a good thing to be able to get a response from someone else on your singing technique. This may allow you to improve your vocals faster in some cases as your teacher may catch something you are doing wrong and allow you to fix that problem. Although this “pro” is mitigated by some of the cons you will see below.

Private Singing Lessons Cons

(1) Expense. Private lessons are far more expensive than the top alternative (online singing lessons.) With private singing lessons you have to pay for each and every lesson separately. Obviously this expense can add up very quickly as it will likely take you many lessons to get to the point you want to get to with your voice.

(2) Possibility of your vocal coach simply not being very good. Unfortunatly many vocal coaches use outdated methods which are not very effective. On top of that many vocal coaches have a personality which may conflict with yours and that may slow down your progress as well.

(3) Singing in front of someone else when you may not be very confident in your voice yet. The sad fact is that some vocal coaches are very judgmental and may not give you the encouragement and support you need if you are a beginning vocalist. This can be very damaging to your progress. The last thing you need is doubt. It’s important to believe in yourself if you want to improve your singing.

Online Singing Lessons

Instead of private vocal training, I recommend trying online singing lessons. With this approach you can be sure that you are getting the “latest & the greatest” vocal methods that are sure to improve your singing quickly. Plus it’s far less expensive. You can get all of the lessons you need with a single payment and you can get those lessons instantly. There’s no reason to wait and because online singing lessons are guaranteed with a full money back refund period there’s really no risk in trying them.

Source by Johnny Moon

Engineering Business – 5 Keys to Increased Revenues and Profits

Are you finding it hard to earn a profit? Are your expenses devouring your revenues? Most companies, including professional service firms, like engineering, are always struggling to make a profit. The majority of a professional service company's expenses are labor related. This is why many companies chose to do one or two things to increase their profits; increase work load, or reduce staff. But there are many other strategies that can have a similar effect.

A typical engineering company usually strives for a profit or 10 to 15% after all expenses including salaries. A very competitive market or a significant drop in the market demand for engineering services can drive these margins even lower.

The current market has driven many companies to lower their fees significantly, but is this really the answer. Ever engineering firm knows that there are certain expenses that they can not escape. Such as staff salaries, business licenses, professional licenses, business insurance, professional insurance, office expenses, and on and on the list goes. With a good handle on the company budget various adjustments can be done to retain a portion of the revenues.

Below is a list of the top 5 key strategies to increase your company's profits without cutting staff.

Key 1: Increase Service Fees – This may sound a little counter intuitive right now during a recession, but a small increase can have a significant impact on your profits. As an example, your firm has a service which charges $ 1000 with a profit margin of 10% ($ 100). If you increase the fee by 5% ($ 50), your profit would increase by 50% ($ 150). This small increase in fees will most likely not even be noticeable to your clients, but it can be very noticeable on your company's Profit and Loss Statement.

Key 2: Workload determines the Company Size – Your engineering business should be sit-up with permanent staff level and independent contractors. The number of independent contractors can vary depending on the workload. Hiring independent contractors or sub-consultants were possible is also known as out-sourcing. The only permanent employees are those that are absolutely necessary. Outsourcing allows the company to restructure to handle a large number of new contracts when the times are good and then reduce the number of contractors when there are fewer contracts during poor economic conditions. An example is to have one or two CAD Designers as permanent employees and then a pool of CAD Operators that are independent contractors.

In recent years the federal government has really cracking down on who is an independent contractor. Independent contractors are in business for themselves and are able to obtain work from numerous sources. Having an independent contractor sit-up an office within your business and only contract with your firm is probably not an independent contractor, and the government will seriously frown on this arrangement. You should discuss any questionable agreement with your tax advisor.

Key 3: Do not Focus on Sectors with Very Small Profit Margins – Although during a tough economy companies may be forced to take on what ever comes along, do not focus your marketing efforts on those sectors that constantly contract with the firm with the cheapest offer . Professional services companies like engineering firms should never compete on price alone. A good engineer can save a developer thousands if not millions of dollars which will usually far exceed the engineer's fees. Sectors that haggles the service fees are usually not worth the expense. In essence do not buy the job. There are those clients that will expect that since times are rough you should provide even more concessions; free or drastically reduced fees to keep them as a client. It is almost never a good idea buying a project just to have work. Know were your company's break even point, and what sectors and services make the most profit. Anything less will force your business to possibly close.

Key 4: Contact Existing and Previous Clients for New Contracts – The best source of new work is from existing or previous clients. If you did a good job for them in the past, they will be more than willing to use your services again. Even if they have gone with another engineer, they may want to contract with you again. The new engineer may have not treated them as well. In some cases, clients may have lost your contact information. In this instance they would be glad to hear from you again.

There is nothing better in business than satisfied clients. This is the foremost marketing tool used in the engineering profession. Losing clients to other engineering firms, means an immediate loss in revenues and can only be regained by finding new clients. In order to find new clients you will have to sit aside additional funds to market them, which will further reduce your bottom line. Your existing clients can increase your revenues by either awarding you with new projects or by assisting you in finding new clients.

They may be so satisfied with your performance that they may not have noticed that you need additional work. Your clients know other people in the same industry who maybe also dissatisfied with their professional designers. Your clients will be your best marketer. When their referrals call you they are already sold on your firm's abilities and services. In some cases your clients may be so large a firm that they require the services of several engineering firms. If they really like your performance, they might just give you a larger share of their available jobs. The best source of new work is always through your existing clients.

Key 5: Deliver on Your Promises – Clients expect that the engineer will provide all of the services as stated in the contract. This is why the proposal is so important. The services to be provided should be as explicit as possible, and every attempt should be made to restate any vague language. Also a section in the proposal should include what is expected of the client. Before signing the Agreement make sure that both you and the client understand what is expected of both parties. If the customer believes you are to provide a service that is not in the contract, may cause serious problems later, and may cause the client to be disgruntled and not willing to do any more work with you. Whether the economy is in good times or tough explicit language in the contract is extremely important.

Most engineers have excellent technical skills, but not necessarily the same level of expertise in management. It is responsibility of the engineer to develop these management skills through continuing education. This training can be obtained through Community Colleges, Universities, Professional Training Programs, Professional Organizations, and online training courses. In most states these continuing education courses qualify for continuing education units (CEU) or Professional Development Hours (PDH).

In Part 2 we will discuss five more strategies that you can implement to increase your revenues and profits. Managers are often called upon to make difficult decisions that may impact the size of the support staff, having a list of other strategies that do not require cutting staff maybe the difference between a good and a bad manager.

Source by Joe Haun

Viktor Frankl: Existentialist and the Father of Logotherapy

Back Ground and Development

Being a former student of Freud, Viktor Frankl has a psycholanalyical orientation, however, he was influenced by the writing of existential philosophers like Heidegger, Scheler, and Jaspers. Frankl begin to develop his own existential philosophy and therapeutic technique. To avoid confusion with Bingswanger’s existential analysis, Frankl coined the term Logotherapy. According to Frankl, Logotherapy proceeds from the spirtual, while existential analysis proceeds toward the spirtual.

Frankl first book was published in 1946 in the German language and translated into English in 1959, under the title From Death Camp to Existentialism. This book was later revised to include the basic concepts of Logotherapy, and re-distributed in 1962, under the title Man’s Search for Meaning.

Philosophy and Concepts

Frankl believes that even under the extreme physical and psychological stress of the concentration camp man can preserve his spiritual freedom of independence of mind. He can decide what shall become of him mentally and sparitually. It is this sparitual freedom that cannot be taken away. Furthermore, according to Frankl, if there is meaning to life there is also meaning to suffering, since suffering, like death, is an inescapable part of life.

The Nature of the Person

The individual is a unity consisting of three aspects: the body, the mind, and the sparit. The first two are closely related and together form the psychophysicum through the teaching of Freud, Adler, and Jung we have a working understanding of the mind and body, but have neglected the spiritual side of human dimension. Logotherapy focus on this third dimension, the spiritual man. Spirituality is the chief attribute of the individual, and from it derives conscience, love, and aesthetic conscience. The second characteristics of human existence is freedom. Being human, is being able to decide. Man is free to decide what he will be in the next instant. Freedom means freedom on three levels: the instant, the inherited disposition, and the environment. True, human being are influence by all these factors, but they are free to accept or reject and to take a stand toward these conditions.

Man does not simply exist, he decides what his existence will be. Since man can rise above biological, psychological, and sociological conditions, on which predictions are based, they are individually unpredictable. The third factor of individual existence is responsibility. The individual’s freedom is not only freedom from but freedom to something, and this according to Frankl, is the individual’s responsibilities. Logotherapy tries to make the client fully aware of his/her own responsibilities; they must decide for what, to what or to whom, they understand to be responsible.


The primary motivation is the individual is not the will to pleasure or the will to power, but the will to meaning. It is this that most deeply inspires man, that is the most human phenomenon of all, since an animal certainly never worries about the meaning of its existence. Meaning is not invented by human being, but is discovered by them. Man gives meaning to their lives by realizing creative values, by achieving tasks. Human being realize values by their attitudes toward destained, or inescapable suffering.

These are attitudinal values and the possibility for their realization exist until the last moment of life, suffering thus has meaning. The will to meaning is not a driving force in the psychodynamic sense. Values of itself does not drive a man, they do not push him, but rather pull him. They involve choices or decisions, man is not driven to moral behavior; in each instance he decides to behave morally. He does so for the sake of a cause in which he commits himself, or for a person he loves or for the sake of his God.

The Existential Vacum and Existential Frustration

This existential vacum manifests itself mainly in a state of boredom. For example, the Sunday Neurosis the kind of depression which afflicts people who become aware of the emptiness of their lives once the rush of the busy week is over and the void within themselves become manifest. Existential frustrations is the frustration of the will to meaning. This frustration is sometime vicariously compensated for by a will to power or by the will to pleasure. Often existential frustration result in sexual compensation. We can observe that the sexual libido becomes rampant in the existential vacum.

Existential frustration is not pathological or pathogenic, not every conflict is necessary neurotic, suffering is not always a pathological phenomenon. The search for meaning may lead to tension rather than equilibrium, but each tension is not pathological it is rather an indispensable prerequisite of mental health.

The Nature of Neuroses and Psychoses

Although existential conflicts may exist without neurosis, every neurosis has an existential aspect. Neurosis are grounded in the four basically didderent dimensions of man’s being the physical, the psychological, the societal, and the existential or spiritual. For example, Noegenic neuroses do not emerge from conflicts between drives and instincts, but rather from conflicts between various values, in other words, from moral conflicts, and spiritual problems.

Frankl believe that the collective neurosis is characteristics of four symptoms: (1) modern man day to day attitude toward life, (2) man’s fatalistic attitude toward life, (3) man’s collective thinking, and the final symptom is fanaticism. Ultimately, all four symptoms can be traced back to man’s fear of responsibility and his escape from freedom.

Source by William L. Smith Ph. D.

How to Hold a Fundraising Yard Sale to Raise Money for Your Nonprofit Organization

Are you looking for fundraising ideas for your nonprofit club, organization, school, or team? How about holding a yard sale?

Garage Sales, tag sales, rummage sales, yard sales. Whatever you call them in your part of the country, we’ve all been to them, and we all know that people love to find a bargain at a garage sale. Some nonprofit organizations hold a yearly “spring cleaning” garage sale. Or, your club could also hold a sale twice a year, one in the spring and then again in the fall. Members of your organization can save things all year long and accumulate lots of items to donate to the cause. Most members are usually very happy to get rid of their unneeded items.

Anyone who has ever conducted a garage sale knows that they require a lot of planning and labor but the rewards can be substantial. Your club should plan for it well in advance and allow about a month to gather all the donations and prepare for the sale.

Tips for a successful Fundraising Garage Sale

Before the Sale

Check with your city to find out if you need to have a permit to hold a garage sale. Ask if there are regulations concerning when and where you can place signs to advertise your garage sale. For example, some cities forbid placing signs on light poles.Announce the sale to the group. Tell them when and where it will be held and when and where to drop off donations. Decide on whether items will be priced by the person donating them or by the organiizers. Designate a person in charge of receiving the donations and choose a place to store the donations

Advertising – Plan your advertising well in advance in order to put classified ads in your local newspapers. Send press releases to your local newspaper and radio stations. Place flyers in public places such as grocery stores, libraries, bookstores, schools, and churches. The night before the sale place posters and signs on the street advertising your sale. Make sure you take down your signs and posters after the sale.Contingency Plans – It’s best to plan to hold the sale in any kind of weather. Try to hold the sale indoors or under tarps. You will have placed advertising and engaged the services of your volunteers for a specific day. If you have to cancel your sale because of weather you will have lost your advertising and your volunteers may not be available for a later date.

Pricing garage sale items – Pricing should be in round numbers. This will make pricing and selling much easier. You can buy pre-made pricing stickers at office supply stores or make your own on a printer. Generally speaking, items in good shape should be priced at one-third of their retail price. Of course there will be expections. For example, you might want to price hard cover books at $2.00 a piece no matter what the retail price was. Or, you may want to price CD’s, DVD’s, and tapes at $2.00 each. You should group like items together during the sale and sell them all for the same price unless otherwise marked.

Supplies needed – Tables, chairs, umbrellas, extension cords, clothes racks, boxes, plastic bags.

The Day of the Sale

Have as many volunteers on hand as possible. You will need people to help shoppers and keep things running smoothly. You’ll need people to take the money and provide security. You may want to offer to deliver items if your group has access to a willing person with a truck. Be aware that you will have “early birds” show up so try to be ready to sell up to one hour ahead of your advertised start time. In order to bring in drive-by traffic you can have volunteers hold up signs on nearby streets

Have a check-out table with chairs so that your volunteers can sit. At the table have plastic bags, boxes, scissors, a yard stick, measuring tape, and wrapping supplies such as newspapers. and tape Make sure that you have access to electricity so shoppers can test items. Display valuable items such as jewelry at the check-out table in order keep them from being stolen. You can use a cash box or fanny pack to hold the money. A fanny pack is recommended for security purposes. Make sure your money is never left unguarded. Have plenty of change in small bills at the beginning and throughout the sale. You will no doubt be receiving lots of twenty dollar bills. Take cash only, unless you are willing to take a check from a person who is known to you.

If the sale is being held at a personal residence take precautions against theft from shoppers. Never allow shoppers into the home and make sure outside items that are not for sale do not get stolen. Pets should be locked up also. As your cash builds up throughout the day take it inside to keep it safe.

Selling Tips to Maximize Your Sales and Raise More Money

Let your shoppers know that your yard sale is a fundraiser. Make sure your signs say what you are raising money for. You may want to make a display board at your check-out table the gives information about your organization and cause. Have your volunteers wear your club’s t-shirts or uniforms, if you have them, so shoppers will know who is working at the sale.

Decide in advance if you will bargain on prices. Expect that your shoppers will want to bargain. You may want to tell shoppers that you can’t lower prices until the afternoon. Let your shoppers know that your yard sale is a fundraiser and tell them how the money that the sale brings in will be used.

Additional Ways to Make Money During a Yard sale

Have a donation jar at your check-out table to collect donations.

Hold a raffle for a special item. You can display the actual item or a picture of the item you are raffleing. Sell tickets throughout the sale and have the raffle drawing at the end of the sale. Or, sell raffle tickets to a raffle that is ending at a later date.

Sell baked goods, hamburgers, hot dogs, chips, sodas, coffee, tea, bottled water, candy, etc.

Sell products your organization has produced such as cookbooks, calendars, CD’s, shirts or other spirit items.

Sell fundraising products such as cookie dough, candy bars, wrapping paper and more. There is a wide variety of items available from fundraising companies that nonprofit clubs and organizations can sell to raise money.

In addition to raising money, yard sales are a good way to raise raising awareness for your cause and nonprofit organization. Who knows, you might even recruit some new members during your yard sale.

Source by Amy Passmore

Globalization: How It Has Affected Philippine Education And Beyond

Education before the 20th century was once treated as a domestic phenomenon and institutions for learning were once treated as local institutions. Prior to the 20th century, education was usually limited within the confines of a country, exclusively meant for the consumption of its local citizens. Scholars or college students did not have to travel miles away from their countries of origin to study and to gain skills which they needed in order to traverse the paths of their chosen careers. Moreover, national borders served as impenetrable walls in the name of sovereignty. Gaining a college degree and the skills entailed with it were merely for the purpose of staunch nationalistic service to one’s land of origin. Furthermore, knowledge of the valleys and the oceans encircling the world map, as well as foreign languages and international political regimes were not much of an imperative. Intercultural exchange was not massive and sophisticated, if not intricate. Acceptance and understanding of cultural diversity were not pressured upon anyone, as well as the lure to participate in a globally interconnected world. In other words, before the 20th century, scholastic work were predominantly simple and constrained in the local, the domestic, the nearby. They were limited to one’s own village, one’s own region, one’s own country. A student had his own neighborhood as the location where he is to be born, to be educated, and later to be of service to – the local village which is his home, his community, his country.

Nevertheless, the world has been in a constant state of flux. In the 20th century onwards, the phenomenon called globalization rose and became the buzzword. Anything which pertained to the term globalization was attributed to modernization, or anything that is up-to-date, if not better. Part and parcel of this trend is the advent and irresistible force of information technology and information boom through the wonders of the Internet. The idea of cosmopolitanism – a sense of all of humanity, regardless of race, creed, gender, and so on, living in a so-called global village – is another primary indicator of globalization. Moreover, international media as well as trade and investment have been unbridled and have occurred in a transnational nature. Finally, globalization has involved the uncontrollable movement of scholars, laborers, and migrants moving from one location to another in search for better employment and living conditions.

Apparently, globalization seemed to be all-encompassing, affecting all areas of human life, and that includes education. One indicator of this is the emergence of international education as a concept. Internationalization of education is manifested by catchphrases like The Global Schoolhouse, All the world’s a classroom, One big campus that is Europe, Think global. Act local, and Go West. Students from the world over have been ostensibly persuaded to learn about the world and to cope with technological advancements, if not to become a Citizen of the World. Moreover, globalization and international education are at play, for instance, when speaking of Singapore being branded as the Knowledge Capital of Asia, demonstrating the city-state as among the world’s academic powerhouses; De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines entering into agreements and external linkages with several universities in the Asian region like Japan’s Waseda University and Taiwan’s Soochow University for partnership and support; the establishment of branch campuses or satellites in Singapore of American and Australian universities like the University of Chicago and the University of New South Wales, respectively; online degree programs being offered to a housewife who is eager to acquire some education despite her being occupied with her motherly duties; students taking semesters or study-abroad programs; and finally the demand to learn English – the lingua franca of the modern academic and business world – by non-traditional speakers, like the Chinese, the Japanese, and the Korean students exerting efforts to learn the language in order to qualify for a place in English-speaking universities and workplaces. Apparently, all of these promote international education, convincing its prospective consumers that in today’s on-going frenzy of competition, a potent force to boost one’s self-investment is to leave their homes, fly to another country, and take up internationally relevant courses. Indeed, globalization and international education have altogether encouraged students to get to know their world better and to get involved with it more.

Boston College’s Center for International Higher Education director and International Education expert Philip Altbach asserted in his article “Perspectives on International Higher Education” that the elements of globalization in higher education are widespread and multifaceted. Clear indicators of globalization trends in higher education that have cross-national implications are the following:

1. Flows of students across borders;

2. International branch and offshore campuses dotting the landscape, especially in developing and middle-income countries;

3. In American colleges and universities, programs aimed at providing an international perspective and cross-cultural skills are highly popular;

4. Mass higher education;

5. A global marketplace for students, faculty, and highly educated personnel; and

6. The global reach of the new ‘Internet-based’ technologies.

Moreover, European Association of International Education expert S. Caspersen supported that internationalization influences the following areas: Curriculum, language training, studies and training abroad, teaching in foreign languages, receiving foreign students, employing foreign staff and guest teachers, providing teaching materials in foreign languages, and provision of international Ph. D. students. Nevertheless, globalization’s objective of a “one-size-fits-all” culture that would ease international transactions has not seemed to be applicable to all the nations of the world. In the words of Nobel Laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz, globalization’s effects are dualistic in nature. Globalization itself is neither good nor bad. It has the power to do enormous good. But in much of the world, globalization has not brought comparable benefits. For many, it seems closer to an unmitigated disaster. In Andrew Green’s 2007 book, “Education and Development in a Global Era: Strategies for ‘Successful Globalisation'”, he asserted that optimists would refer to the rise of East Asian tigers – Japan, China, and South Korea – as globalization’s success stories. But these are just a minority of the world’s two hundred nations. A majority has remained in their developing situations, among these is the Philippines.

In terms of international education being observed in the Philippines, universities have incorporated in their mission and vision the values of molding graduates into globally competitive professionals. Furthermore, Philippine universities have undergone internationalization involving the recruitment of foreign academics and students and collaboration with universities overseas. English training has also been intensified, with the language being used as the medium of instruction aside from the prevailing Filipino vernacular. Finally, Philippine higher education, during the onset of the 21st century, has bolstered the offering of nursing and information technology courses because of the demand of foreign countries for these graduates.

In terms of student mobility, although gaining an international training through studying abroad like in the United States is deemed impressive, if not superior, by most Filipinos, the idea of practicality is overriding for most students. Study-abroad endeavors are not popular among the current generation of students. The typical outlook is that it is not practical to study overseas obviously because of the expenses – tuition fees, living costs, accommodation, and airfare. Although financial aid may be available, they are hugely limited. There may be several universities that offer merit or academic scholarships, talent scholarships, athletic scholarships, teaching assistantships, research assistantships, full or partial tuition fee waivers, but actually there is certainly not a lot of student money. Apparently, international education is understood as a global issue, a global commodity, and above all, a privilege – and therefore, it is not for everyone. Hence, studying in America is a mere option for those who can afford to pay the expenses entailed in studying abroad.

The Philippines is a Third World country which is heavily influenced by developed nations like the United States. Globalization may have affected it positively in some ways, but a huge chunk of its effects has been leaning to the detriment of the Filipinos. Globalization has primarily affected not only the country’s education system but even beyond it – economically and socially. These include brain drain, declining quality in education because of profiteering, labor surplus, vulnerability of its workers overseas, and declining family values.

For one, the Philippines is a migrant-worker country. This phenomenon of sending its laborers (also known as Overseas Filipino Workers or OFWs) abroad to work and to send money back home has been intensified by globalization. Brain drain – or the exodus of talented and skilled citizens of a country transferring to usually developed nations for better employment and living conditions – is one problem that has been stepped up by globalization. The Philippine foreign policy of labor diplomacy began in the 1970s when rising oil prices caused a boom in contract migrant labor in the Middle East. The government of dictator Ferdinand Marcos, from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s, saw an opportunity to export young men left unemployed by the stagnant economy and established a system to regulate and encourage labor outflows. This scenario has led Filipinos to study courses like nursing which would secure them employment overseas rather than in their home country. For more than 25 years, export of temporary labor like nurses, engineers, information technology practitioners, caregivers, entertainers, domestic helpers, factory workers, construction workers, and sailors were sent overseas to be employed. In return, the Philippine economy has benefited through the monetary remittances sent by these OFWs. In the last quarter of 2010, the Philippine economy gained roughly $18.76 billion in remittances which largely came from OFWs based in the United States, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Italy, Germany, and Norway.

Second, the demand for overseas employment by these Filipino professionals has affected the quality of the local education system in the form of fly-by-night, substandard schools which were only aimed at profiteering. A Filipino legislator, Edgardo Angara, once aired his concern over the spread of many schools which offer courses believed to be demanded in foreign countries and the declining quality education. Angara observed that the Philippines has too much access to education versus quality education. For instance, for every five kilometers in this country, there is a nursing school, a computer school, a care-giving school, and a cosmetic school. Angara suggested that lawmakers and educators should find a happy formula for quality education.

Third, labor surplus is another dire effect of globalization. In 2008, the phenomenon of brain drain started to subside in the Philippines. This period was when the United States started to experience a financial turmoil which was contagious, distressing countries around the world which are dependent to its economy. In the Philippines, it has been surmised that the demand for nurses has already died down because the need for them has already been filled. For instance, the United States has decided that instead of outsourcing foreign nurses, they have resorted to employing local hires to mitigate its local problem of rising unemployment. As a result, this incident has receded the phenomenon of a majority of Filipino college students taking up nursing. And the unfortunate result is the labor surplus of nursing graduates. This dilemma which has been caused by a Third World country such as the Philippines trying to cope with globalization’s feature of labor outflows has left Filipinos on a double whammy. Over 287,000 nursing graduates are currently either jobless or employed in jobs other than nursing. Nursing graduates nowadays suffer job mismatch, taking on jobs which are different from their field of specialization like working for call centers, serving as English tutors, if not remaining unemployed because the Philippine hospitals have little to no vacancies at all which are supposed to be occupied by the large number of nursing graduates. Furthermore, these professionals are accepted by hospitals or clinics as volunteers with little to no monetary benefits, or as trainees who are burdened with the policy of forcibly paying the hospitals for their training.

Fourth, a dilemma that globalization has burdened the Philippines is the vulnerability of its overseas workers. For instance, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Taiwan, have had no choice but to lay off and repatriate their Filipino guest workers in light of the global financial crisis. Furthermore, the threat of Saudization is a present concern in the Philippines nowadays. Presently, around 1.4 million OFWs in Saudi Arabia are in danger of losing their jobs because the Arab nation is implementing a Saudization program which will prioritize their Arab citizens for employment. To date, with more than 1.5 million OFWs, Saudi Arabia is the country which has the greatest concentration of OFWs. It is the largest hirer of Filipino Workers and has the largest Filipino population in the Middle East. As Saudi Arabia hosts a majority of OFWs, the problem of these Filipino workers losing their jobs and returning to their homeland where employment opportunities are scarce is a national threat. Furthermore, the current national instability in countries like Syria and Libya has threatened the lives of the OFWs, who still have chosen to stay in their foreign workplaces because of economic reasons which they find weightier vis-à-vis their safety.

Finally, globalization has resulted to social costs which involve challenges to Filipino families. Possessing close family ties, Filipino families sacrifice and allocate significant amounts of financial resources in order to support their kin. Filipino parents have the belief that through education, their children are guaranteed with promising futures and achieving decent lives. Thus, given the limited employment opportunities in the Philippines which are unable to support the needs of the family, one or both parents leave to work outside the country. As a result, Filipino children, although their educational goals and well-being are sustained, would have to survive with one or both parents away from them. They would then have to deal with living with an extended family member such as aunts, uncles or grandparents who are left to take care of them. This has deprived Filipino children of parental support and guidance as they are separated from the primary members of their family.

In reality, even though Filipino families have experienced the monetary benefits of a family member uprooting himself from the country to work overseas, this trend has not been enjoyed by the majority of Filipinos. The poorest of the poor cannot afford to leave and work overseas. Also, with volatile market forces, the value of the US dollar which is used as the currency of OFW salaries vacillating, rising gas prices and toll fees in highways, and the continued surge in the cost of living in the Philippines, in general, globalization has precluded long-term economic growth for the country, with the masses suffering a great deal. Moreover, with human capital and technological know-how important to growth, the Philippines suffered with globalization by losing its professionals to the developed countries which, on the other hand, experienced “brain gain”.

Indeed, globalization has both positive and negative effects, but in the Philippine case, it is more on the negative. It is justified to say that globalization is an “uneven process” and that most least developing countries did not grow significantly in light of globalization. Those which predominantly benefited are the affluent and powerful countries of the Western world and East Asia.

The Philippines was once considered as the “knowledge capital of Asia”, particularly during the 1960s and the 1970s. Its system of higher education was marked by high standards comparable to its neighboring countries, much lower tuition fees, and the predominant use of English as the medium of instruction. The Philippines, consequently, was able to entice students from its neighboring nations, like the Chinese, the Thais, and the Koreans. However, presently, this once upbeat picture has now been replaced by a bleak one because of several problems which has long confronted the system like budget mismanagement, poor quality, and job mismatch, thereby seriously affecting its consumers and end products – the Filipino students. Making matters worse is globalization affecting the graduates of Philippine universities by luring them to choose to work overseas because of the greater monetary benefits vis-à-vis the disadvantage of leaving their families home and not serving their countrymen. Now that the world is undergoing financial turmoil, the Filipino workers would then have to cope with these dire effects of globalization.

Apparently, the Philippines has remained stagnant, as opposed to the goals of increasing equality, rapid economic growth through integration into the global market, and the wide distribution of social improvements in less developed countries. These fruits of globalization, unfortunately, did not trickle down a great deal to the Philippines. Hence, although overseas employment has been a legitimate option for the local workers, it is high time that the Philippine government encourage colleges and universities to provide programs that are relevant to the nature of this substantially agricultural country like agriculture-related courses as these would play a significant role in setting the Philippine economy in motion towards development. The population boom in this country, which is commonly reckoned as among the country’s predicaments as the surging number of Filipinos is indirectly proportional to the employment opportunities available, should be taken advantage of by encouraging the surplus of people to develop employment and improve the rural farmlands. Affluent Filipino families who own large conglomerates should also participate in creating more employment opportunities and encouraging dignified labor conditions so as to mitigate the dismal trend of labor migration. Moreover, instead of adopting policies imposed by powerful Western countries like the United States and going with the flow, the Philippine government should work in reinforcing the welfare of its citizens more than anything else. (Sheena Ricarte, August 31, 2011).

Source by Sheena B Ricarte