What is Your EFL / ESL English Teaching Philosophy?

The Interview

The interview seemed to be going along okay. Then the Director asked, "So what is your philosophy of teaching English?"

"My philosophy of teaching?" The TEFL interviewee twisted in her seat, tugging at the collar of a blouse that was suddenly too tight. She felt water running down her back. A certain dampness coated her palms.

"Yes. Do you have a philosophy of teaching? "The director repeated. The interview had taken a distinctive downturn. Top positions paying top dollars require top professionals.

"Well, I'm not really sure what you mean." The teacher responded. "I can tell you what I do in my classes, what materials I use and how I interact with the students. Is that what you mean? "

No, that's NOT what the Language Institute Director meant. The interview ended. So did the teacher's prospects at that high-level institution.

Philosophy of Education

A teacher's philosophy of education is now used as a major marketing strategy by savvy teachers and has become an essential component of a teacher's CV and portfolio. It has evolved to become part of the teacher's personal profile, which outlines all of his essential skill sets and unique qualities, and highlights the teacher's specialties. (D. Sofsian, 2006) Reference these web sites for further information:

• Create Your Own Electronic Portfolio

http://electronicportfolios.org/portfolios/iste2k.html

• My "Online Portfolio Adventure"

http://electronicportfolios.org/myportfolio/versions.html

• How To Create an Electronic Portfolio

[Http://www.essdack.org/port/how.html]

Damian Sofsian author Expert in his following article, "Teacher Join Education Philosophies", talks about five types of teaching Philosophies: ( Http://ezinearticles.com/?Teacher-Education-Philosophies&id=227410 )

• Liberal – which aims at developing intellectual powers

• Behavioral – these ideologies focus on the survival skills of a human being and the role of education in teaching them

• Progressive – motivates cultural development of an individual in order to bring about societal change

• Humanistic – trends look at the overall development of the personality and characteristics of an individual

• Radical – these philosophers are interested in beneficial changes that should happen in a society from time to time, and the role of education in bringing about political, social and economical changes

Teacher education philosophy is now a major marketing strategy used by EFL and TEFL teachers and has become an essential component of a language teacher resume and personal profile. (D. Sofsian, 2006)

Education Philosophy References

Before embarking on developing your own philosophy of education, reference these sites for more in-depth information and samples of Educational Philosophy statements.

• Samples of Philosophy of Education

http://www.wilderdom.com/philosophy/SampleEducationPhilosophies.html

• Materials on the Philosophy of Education

[Http://commhum.mccneb.edu/PHILOS/phileduc.htm]

• Philosophy of Education links

http://dmoz.org/Society/Philosophy/Philosophy_of_Education/

Your Philosophy of Education

What is your philosophy of education? If you "do not have one" now would be a good time to more thoroughly investigate aspects of one. Add your philosophy to all your teaching areas. Let it pervade what you do and how you approach your craft from every angle from preparation to class activities, problem-solving, discipline and assessment. Your philosophy helps set you apart from those who might just show up, do the minimum and collect their paychecks. In these days of increasing professionalism, increased requisites for teaching staff and higher expectations on the part of Educational Administrators, TEFL teachers, regardless of current status, simply can not afford to be lax.

Source by Larry M. Lynch

Overview on Qualitative Data Collection Techniques in International Marketing Research

This article is meant to be a brief review and reminder of some valuable yet often bypassed techniques to collect data on international markets and consumers.

When thinking of market research, surveys are most likely the first technique that comes to ones mind. However, surveys are a quantitative research and, in order to understand customer behavior and the social and cultural context in which our business will operate, we will need to perform some qualitative research as well.

Qualitative methods are most certainly a more appropriate option when in need of researching patterns and attitudes in customer behavior, understand the depth of the environment around the customer, and understand the cultural characteristics then influence a customer – especially when the marketer is not familiar with the country of culture.

There are certain situations where qualitative research alone can provide the marketer with all insights needed to make decisions and take actions; while in some other cases quantitative research might be needed as well.

We will stop by the main qualitative techniques and see how and where they can be employed in international marketing.

Craig and Douglas (2000), mention three major types of qualitative data collection techniques:

– observational and quasi-observational techniques;

– projective techniques and depth interviews;

– creative group sessions (synectics).

1. Observational and quasi-observational techniques

Observational techniques involve direct observation of phenomena (in our case, consumers’ behavior) in their natural settings. Observational research might be somehow less reliable than quantitative research yet it is more valid and flexible since the marketer is able to change his approach whenever needed.

Disadvantages are given by the limited behavioral variables and the fact that such data might not be generalizable – we can observe a customer’s behavior at a given moment and situation but we cannot assume all further customers will act the same.

Quasi-observational techniques are reported to have increased in usage over the past decades, due to the large scale employ of surveillance cameras within stores. Such techniques cost less than pure observational ones since costs associated with video surveillance and taping are far lower than a researcher’s wage; the tape can be viewed and analyzed at a later time, at the marketer’s convenience. When performing videotaping of consumers’ behaviors, they can be asked to give comments and insights upon their thoughts and actions while the conversation itself can be recorded and be further analyzed.

Pure observation: the marketer watches behavior of customers in real-life situation, either in situ or by videotaping the consumers (less intrusive). Videotaping can be specifically recommended when studying patterns of different cultures, since we can easily compare behaviors taped and highlight similarities and / or differences.

Trace measures: consist in collecting and recording traces of consumers’ behavior. Such traces can be fingerprints or tear of packages, empty packages, garbage cans analysis and any other ways a marketer can imagine (it’s all about creativity here!). In eMarketing, trace measures come under the form of recorded visits and hits – there are numerous professional applications that can help an emarketer analyze the behavior of visitors on his company’s website.

Archival measures: can be any type of historical records, public records, archives, libraries, collections of personal documents etc. Such data can prove to be of great use in analyzing behavioral trends and changes in time. Marketers can also identify cultural values and attitudes of a population at a given moment by studying mass media content and advertisement of the timeframe questioned.

Entrapment measures: those are indirect techniques (by comparison to the previously mentioned ones) and consist in asking the respondent to react to a specific stimulus or situation, when the actual subject of investigation is totally different. The marketer plants the real stimulus among many fake ones and studies reactions. The method is quite unobtrusive and the marketer can gather valuable, non-reactive facts. When the respondent becomes aware of the true subject under investigation (s)he might change the behavior and compromise the study.

Protocols: are yet another observational marketing research technique which asks respondents to think out loud and verbally express all their thoughts during the decision-making process. Protocols are of great value for determining the factors of importance for a sale and they can be collected in either real shopping trips or simulated ones.

2. Projective techniques

Such techniques are based on the respondent’s performance of certain tasks given by the marketer. The purpose is to have the consumers (respondents) express their unconscious beliefs through the projective stimuli; to express associations towards various symbols, images, signs.

Cooper (1996) suggested that projective techniques can be successfully employed to:

– indicate emotional and rational reactions;

– provide verbal and non-verbal communication;

– give permission to express novel ideas;

– encourage fantasy, idiosyncrasy and originality;

– reduce social constraints and censorship;

– encourage group members to share and “open up”.

Projective market research techniques can take the following forms, presented below.

Collages – used to understand lifestyles and brand perceptions, respondents are asked to assemble a collage using images and symbols from selected sets of stimuli or from magazines and newspapers of their choice.

Picture completion – certain pictures can be designed to express and visualize the issue under study and respondents have to make associations and / or attribute words to the given pictures.

Analogies and metaphors are used when a larger range of projection is needed, with more complexity and depth of ideas and thoughts on a given brand, product, service, organization. The respondents are asked to freely express their association and analogies towards the object being studied; or they can be asked to select from a set of stimuli (e.g. photos) those that fit the examined subject.

Psycho-drawing is a technique that allows study participants to express a wide range of perceptions by making drawings of what they perceive the brand is (or product, service).

Personalization consists in asking the respondents to treat the brand or product as if it is a person and start making associations or finding images of this person. This technique is especially recommended in order to understand what kind of personality consumers assign to a brand / product / service.

3. In-depth interviews

These techniques of marketing research put an accent on verbal communication and they are efficient especially when trying to discover underlying attitudes and motivations towards a product or a specific market / consumption situation.

Individual in-depth interviews are performed on a person-to-person environment and the interviewer can obtain very specific and precise answers. Such interviews are common in B2B practices of market research, for example when a company conducts a research about a product among their existing corporate customers.

Interviews can be conducted by phone or via internet-based media, from a centralized location: this can greatly reduce costs associated with market research and the results are pretty much as accurate as the face-to-face ones. The only disadvantage would be the lack of non-verbal, visual communication.

Focus groups are basically discussions conducted by a researcher with a group of respondents who are considered to be representative for the target market.

Such meetings are usually held in an informal setting and are moderated by the researcher. Videotaping the sessions is common these days, and it can add more sources of analysis at a later time.

Focus groups are perhaps the ideal technique, if available in terms of costs and time, to test new ideas and concepts towards brands and products; to study customers’ response to creative media such as ads and packaging design or to detect trends in consumers’ attribute and perception. One of the important advantages of focus groups is the presence of several respondents in the same time, providing a certain synergy. Disadvantages refer mainly to the costs involved and the scarcity of good professionals to conduct the interviews and discussions.

To conclude, we have to keep in mind just how important non-survey data collection techniques are in today’s market research. Not only they provide more depth of analysis but they can be performed in significantly less time than surveys and they’re more suitable to be employed during the exploratory phases of international marketing research.

Source by Otilia Otlacan

A Short history of Richmond, Illinois

Richmond, Illinois, is a very small and quaint town on the border of Illinois and Wisconsin. Its population is now about 1,500 but new housing developments will quadrouple the number of homes within the next 10 years. It is called “The Village of Yesteryear” because it boasts many Victorian style homes and an interesting array of antique shops.

William A. McConnell is credited with the founding of the village of Richmond.

Also known as “The Squire,” McConnell was a 27 year old carpenter and farmer who lived in Pennsylvania. He dreamed of independence and trekked to the Richmond area on horseback in 1837. In his biography, McConnell stated that there were but two neighbors in the area. He staked out a claim for 480 acres of land and bought it when it came to market in 1840 under the Blackhawk Treaty. Family lore says that McConnell spent his first night under an oak sapling across the street from what is now Richmond Grade School. That very mature tree still stands. Bo McConnell, a great grandson, calls it “the little oak.” At that time the Richmond area was mostly prairie with patches of oak trees and still part of Lake County, Illinois.

In 1838 McConnell and his new wife, Elizabeth, built a 16′ x 18′ log cabin in which his family lived for 15 years. It was located just west of what is now Grace Lutheran Church and it was the first residence built in Richmond Township.

A mill was built on the Nippersink circa 1840 and that area is now occupied by Doyle’s restaurant.

In 1852 McConnell built a house in the Greek Revival style across the street from the log cabin. He and his family lived in this house for 20 years raising three sons. In 1872 he deeded the house to his son, John.

Over time, McConnell purchased approximately 1,400 acres from the government. The town boundaries were laid out in 1844 and Richmond was given its name in a contest to the man who climbed the highest when the new mill was raised. That man was Isaac Reed who chose the name from a village he remembered from his childhood in Vermont.

McConnell had his hands in many local activities. He was on the railroad commission, a legislator in Springfield, elected a commissioner of McHenry County, Richmond’s first Justice of the Peace, its first Postmaster and an Associate Judge for 16 years. He belonged to the first temperance group in McHenry County.

McConnell opened the first cheese factory about one-half mile west of the town. The Old Bank building on Broadway was owned by McConnell’s son, George. “That’s Uncle George’s bank. That’s what we’d call it,” remembered Bo McConnell, a great-great-grandson of William A. McConnell.

How Richmond was named

Theodore Purdy purchased the log house of Charles A. Noyes in 1937. Purdy platted the village in 1844 with Charles Cotting who settled in Richmond in 1844. Together they built a grist mill at Main & Mill Streets.

A contest was arranged that the person who climbed the highest on the new mill could name the village. Isaac Reed won the contest and named the village after Richmond, Vermont, where he lived as a child.

Richmond grows up

By the middle 1840’s Richmond resembled a small town with a hotel, a sawmill, a wagon maker, a doctor and a lawyer. McConnell built a cheese factory (possibly the first in McHenry County) west of the town.

Officially incorporated on September 2, 1872, Dr. Fillmore Bennett was elected the first president of the village. The first principal of the grad school, Fillmore wrote poems and religious hymns. “In the Sweet Bye and Bye” was the most famous.

Railroads made their appearance in the 1850’s. McConnell was a one of the railroad directors. The first train crossed the Nippersink in 1855.

Memorial Hall

Charles DeWitt McConnell donated $10,000 to the village “to be used for the purpose of erecting a village or city hall, the same to be called Memorial Hall, to be used when required by church societies and school functions free of charge, and not to be used for immoral exhibitions or immoral shows…” Village President, E.C. Covell, bought the land where Memorial Hall now stands from Charles Kruse who owned the hardware store on the corner in the middle of town at Broadway and Rt. 12. The hardware story later became the Emporium antique store and the “Kruse” name can be seen etched at the top of the front wall today.

Memorial Hall was constructed in the early 1900’s. It contained an auditorium with a balcony and a stage where the J.B. Rotnour Players performed for many years.

The Richmond Police Department occupied part of the basement along with two jail cells.

Village board meetings were held in Memorial Hall until the new village hall was built in 1993. This building is now shared with the police department. This left the hall vacant until Chris Gallagher secured a grant from the Illinois Arts Councle in 1992 to create the Nippersink Creative Arts Center. Founding member include Christina Gallagher, Yvonne Cryns, Carolyn Janus, Donna Karolus and Nancy Richardson. Many local groups donated money to the organization. The Creative Arts Center pushed to make Memorial Hall the historical landmarked building it is today.

The public library used the hall starting in the 1930’s. In the 1940’s the library moved to a part of the drug store building on Broadway and Main. But on July 7, 1972 the library moved back into Memorial Hall before moving to its own building in 1990.

In addition to village government work, the Memorial Hall hosted school plays and graduations. Basketball games were played there starting in 1908.

Other basement activities included meetings held by Boy and Girl Scouts, American Legion, and a senior citizen group known as the Pioneers. This is where the local polling place resided.

Richmond Fire Department

Founded in 1926, the Richmond Volunteer Fire Department’s first meeting was held at Memorial Hall and it was headed by Mayor J.G. “Curly” Stevens.

Richmond Post Office

The post office has been in service for over 150 years. Appointed in 1940, William A. McConnell served as the first postmaster for six years. In the early years, settlers in the area found great comfort from the post office which brought news of events from their original home towns. As late as the 1960’s the Chicago Tribune was delivered by the post office. Farmers needed honey bees which were also delivered by the post office and they mailed out eggs to the big city.

Until 1946 trains brought mail to Richmond. Since 1946 mail is delivered by trucks. The current postmaster is William L. Schaeppi since 1988.

The new mayor of Richmond, Illinois, is Laurie Olson. Olson’s family has a long history in Richmond. Olson was a homemaker and volunteer member of the fire department before she was elected mayor in 2004.

Source by Greg Cryns

Monsters Inside Of You: How Negative Spiritual Parasites Can Invade Your Womb!

Sex in today’s society is no longer a sacred topic that was once an intimate conversation between husband and wife, or a private discussion amongst lady friends, midwives, doulas, and elder matriarchs. In fact the media promotes risque sexual encounters with numerous partners parallel to buying candy at a counter, and picking any new flavor you so desire, and whenever you desire. You do not like vanilla, well throw it away and try chocolate. If you do not like chocolate, you can throw that away and try something totally outside of candy, perhaps things you probably should not digest in the first place. Sex as a hobby or as a sport is influenced everywhere, from shows like “Sex in The City” to books like “Fifty Shades of Grey” the so-called sexual liberation has given the green-light to less about love, commitment, and connection and more speed to outlandish promiscuity.

What the media and society does not tell us with all the glamour and sensationalism surrounding sex, is that every sexual encounter is also a spiritual encounter. We know about the dangers of Sexually transmitted diseases and are told to use condoms as protection. Yet what we are not told is how does one protect one’s self from a Spiritually Transmitted Disease! That’s right there are two very real STD’s both sexual and spiritual and both are contracted the same way. They contract through promiscuous, unloving, and casual sex with multiple partners, whom you may know very little about on a spiritual level. Do not get me wrong, sex is a beautiful and pleasurable act, but sex is also a sacred connection designed for a man and a woman who love and respect one another on every level. This means respect and commitment with the person’s mind, body, spirit, and emotions, not just the physical body. In our world today, sex is abused as a perverted function and used as a pleasure-seeking robotic game. This twisted and distorted perception is creating zombies in men and creating monsters within women, and destroying their wombs.

This article is not really about sex, it is about the monsters that can become impregnated within a woman’s womb by having sexual encounters with men who are spiritually sick, and who may have negative and dark energy within them. This article will inform you of what takes place on an energetic level of which you cannot see, but can physically manifest within a woman’s body. If you do not know or you are not certain whether or not your partner has good spiritual energy, or a high spiritual vibration you might want to rethink that booty-call or one night stand!

What In The World Is Spiritual Energy- and Just How Does This Effect a Man & Woman During Sex?

For years now science has proven that our bodies are made up of pure energy. Everything in this universe is made up of the same energy. It is just presented in different forms and shapes. Every cell in the human body has its atoms structured so it has a negative and a positive voltage, inside and outside. Therefore, every cell in our body is a miniature battery. Each cell has 1.4 volts of energy – and this may not seem like a lot, but when you multiply by the number of cells in your body (50 trillion) you get a voltage of 700 trillion volts of electricity in your body. Nothing to play around with at all! This energy is similar to what the Chinese call “Chi.” This is also the energy used in hands on healing, such as Reiki. This energy is constant and has been around since the beginning of time.

Albert Einstein proved this long ago with his Law of Conservation of Energy. This law states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed but is transferred from one form to another. If we are made up of energy, and this energy is transferred from one form to another, it is quite logical to understand that humans exchange energy during sex. In fact every time you make love or have sex there is a significant exchange of spiritual energy. When ones partner has a great deal of negative energy, or a great deal of karmic debt it can create a spiritual intrusion inside a woman’s womb during sexual intercourse. A spiritual intrusion is when negative and dark soul energy becomes stuck and lodged within your reproductive organs and cannot pass through or be released. The reason it cannot be released is due to blockage which stagnates Chi energy.

According to Chinese Medicine which has been around for 5,000 years, and predates modern medicine states our bodies are connected by networks of light energy called our “Chi.” The word Chi simply means spiritual energy. This energy is our life force and it must be able to flow freely in order for perfect health or good health to be maintained. Any blocks in our bodies does not allow our Chi energy to flow and this causes disharmony in our bodies. If negative energy becomes stuck within your womb it often forms blocks, and Chi energy cannot properly flow. When this happens stagnation will soon occur. This blocked flow of energy will eventually cause stagnation of the blood flow or a complete halt of the blood flow. This action leads to tumors, fibroids, cysts, endometriosis, teratomas, and other womb and reproductive issues including infertility.

Medical doctors have no real clinical reason as to why women develop fibroids despite the fact that an estimated one in four women of childbearing age have fibroids. Further, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), 20-25% of women of reproductive age have fibroids. By the age of 50 up to 80% of black women and up to 70% of white women have fibroids. Women between the ages of 30 and 45 are commonly diagnosed with fibroids, and African-American women tend to have the highest risk of developing fibroids. However, fibroids have been found in women of all ethnic backgrounds. While doctors may not have medical reasons as to why fibroids, which are muscular growths of tissue invade the womb, Eastern teachings and ancient Sacred Womb teachings have a very clear explanation. These abnormal growths are spiritual intrusions that invade, and suck the life out of women. Fibroids bleed and they take from the blood supply, which is supposed to flow to the vital reproductive organs, such as the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Fibroids leave women tired, having a lack of energy, iron deficient, protruding abdomen, bloating, infertility, and can cause painful sex just to name a few. Fibroids can become as large as a basketball and can totally distort a woman’s uterus causing unbearable pain. Thousands of hysterectomies in women are performed all the time due to fibroids.

Another, spiritual intrusion in which medical science knows little as to why they plague women’s wombs is the ovarian teratoma. The word “Teratoma” is derived from Greek word “teraton” meaning monster. Teratomas may occur at any age but the prime age of discovery is in the childbearing years. The average age is 30. Up to 15% of women with ovarian teratomas have them in both ovaries. These cysts can range from the size of a grape to about 17 inches in diameter, approximately the size of a small watermelon. Teratomas can cause the ovary to twist and impede its blood supply, and if they burst they can cause serious damage. Also called a dermoid cyst of the ovary, a teratoma is a bizarre and strange tumor, usually benign, in the ovary that typically contains a mixture of tissues including hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, etc. What is known is that a cyst develops from a germ cell (a primary oocyte) that is located within the egg sac (ovary). Being a primary oocyte cell, it can give orders to other cells necessary to form mature tissues and often structures that would be found in a human baby, such as hair, bone, sebaceous oily material, neural tissue, teeth, and at its most grotesque some even have eyes. The teratoma is called a monster because this is exactly what it looks like. A distorted ball of flesh attached to your ovaries and having hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, and even sometimes an eye. Viewing a teratoma can be quite frightening to say the least and they may look like something from a science fiction movie. Teratomas however, are very real and any woman could have at this moment a monster inside of them. Yet what force or action causes these monsters to develop in the first place? Who or what is giving the orders for these cells to begin the process of creation? What exactly is this force trying to create?

Casual sexual encounters with others who may have negative or dark soul energy allows for the transmission of this energy to the womb. It is not unrealistic to postulate that this negative energy is what is giving the command to create the teratomas or monsters. The whole purpose of sexual intercourse is to procreate that is its function. Pleasure is merely a side benefit and a fail-safe, divine design so that we would enjoy the act of procreating! Ask yourself what would be the point in doing something that would bring about tremendous pain nine months later unless it is a pleasurable experience? Sex was designed to insure human life would continue regardless of outer circumstances, so yes it was designed to be pleasurable, but never meant to be abused. If we are supposed to create human life during sacred sexual intercourse, what might happen as a result of unholy unions and abusive, perverted, unloving, and uncommitted sexual encounters? We know from reading this article by now that during sex an exchange of energy takes place, but what happens to this energy?

Chi energy is spiritual energy and it is considered life-force energy and should flow freely through-out our bodies to bring about well-being. It would be only logical to assume that negative energy would do the opposite and work against our Chi energy as well as block it. It is know secret within Eastern spiritual teachings that sex is a sacred act in order to unite the masculine and feminine energies within a woman and a man. This union creates the wholeness that we lack and crave from the feelings of separation. The highest spiritual vibration is love and this is the source of Chi energy-God’s love. Love-making between a man and a woman allows for the opportunity to create another human life. So it is not illogical to assume that unholy, and unloving sexual acts also must create something and has the desire to create. The purpose of sex is to create, and you should never forget this fact. So no matter the kind of sex it can and will create, and negative sexual encounters could create monsters inside of you!

Why do we allow these encounters to take place in the first place some may ask? Sometimes when women have a great deal of unhealthy emotions, perhaps from abusive relationships, rape, abortions, miscarriages, and other traumatic experiences. These unhealthy emotions fester and become stagnant energy which can become lodged within their wombs. These blocked emotional energies lower women’s vibrations. Lower vibrations can attract other lower vibration and negative energies. So you may be attracted to a partner who has similar or like energetic vibrations. During sex these lower-level negative energies can attached themselves to the womb and parts within the reproductive area.

How The Womb Responds during unwanted & unloving sexual encounters:

A woman’s body intuitively knows what is sacred and what is not. Our womb tries to subconsciously protects us from disrespectful and dishonorable male sexual encounters, entrance, and stimulation. A woman’s body will often tense up and recoil at unloving sexual experiences. Our emotional connection will shut down and we will not be in the “mood.” Even if we ignore what our bodies are telling us and have sex anyway, most women will desire to cuddle or spoon immediately after sex.This is because it is our nature to connect with our lover. When a woman goes against her nature she is setting herself up for problems to occur. The more casual and unconnected sex becomes, the more a woman disengages from her intuitive abilities, and the more she will become numb. This often leaves a woman confused and unable to reject uncommitted and unloving sexual encounters.

When women engage in unloving sexual encounters it often feels like heavy, thick energy sitting in our wombs and bodies, or our energy field. It feels like extra weight, lethargy, dullness of thoughts, or lack of motivation. These unloving sexual encounters can and often does create emotional feeling such as shame, guilt, unworthiness, feeling undervalued and unloved. Another symptom may be a woman disappearing in her thoughts or mind during sex, and “tuning out” or going numb, in order to avoid being present. Sometimes, during the next day and even several days afterwards you feel a sudden loss of energy and may experience emotional upheavals, severe agitation, and mood-swings. The more you engage in unloving, and non-committed sexual relationships, the more you disturb your womb. If a woman has had sex with 15 men, then she has disturbed her womb energy 15 times. This creates 15 enormous energy blockages that she needs to break down so that healing and wellness can take place. The womb records every sexual encounter and every experience. After a period of time these unloving energetic exchanges become stored and lodged within the cellular memory of a woman. Overtime this can will block your vital Chi energy and can lead to reproductive illnesses such as fibroids, cysts, and teratomas, monsters inside of you.

For men it is a similar response, especially men who have sex with a plethora of women. Men who are not in control of their lower-level, primitive self will abuse the sacredness of sex. Men like this will abuse women’s wombs, not realizing they are actually in search of their maternal connection. These lost men are in search of their mother’s love, which some have never received. For others they have forgotten they came from the protective cushions of their mother’s womb. Such men lack respect for women and they view women as objects instead of the source of their very own creation. Some men even dislike feminine energy and become spiteful of it because their insatiable appetite cannot be quenched. Men like this can no longer feel the pure, loving spiritual energy in which only a woman’s womb can fulfill. A great majority of men are ignorant of their responsibility to a wife, and have know understanding of the powers of sacred womb energy and how it is actually a spiritual battery for men. In ignorance, some men claim they are sex addicts, but in truth they are desperately seeking sacred womb energy so that they can recharge and receive the life-force energy in which they need. Every time, a man has sex he releases precious life-force energy which is why he is exhausted after sex. He cannot get this energy back without the spiritual connection to his wife. However, her womb must be clear and undisturbed by negative energy in order for this to happen. What men do not realize is that all men are responsible for every womb they disturb. If a man disturbs 20 wombs, he is responsible for them all. It does not matter whether a man knows this information or not, karmically he is responsible for these women. Every encounter is an energetic exchange and some men have been with so many women that they have accumulated so much negative energy they are as walking zombies. They can no longer feel anything, they have no emotional connection, and no enthusiasm for life. Men like this often try to numb the pain with alcohol, drugs, gambling, and more sex. Sadly, nothing works to satiates their emptiness. Until such men reconnect with source and begin the process of healing, and making amends and respecting the power of the sacred womb nothing in their life will change.

We live in a world of duality, all things reflect positive and negative aspects. We must be ever mindful that the glamour and sensationalism surrounding sex only reveals one side. Sex is a beautiful and sacred act between a man and his wife, and it was designed as a vehicle for creation to take place. It is very important to remember this fact, and know what you may be creating when you engage in the act of sexual intercourse. When we abuse anything there are always consequences. Yet we do not have to live a life filled with sickness, confusion, and chaos. Human beings are intelligent and spiritual, and it is high time we reclaim our sacred selves, and not allow our lower-ego self to be in charge of our higher-spiritual self. Women do not have to suffer from invasive flesh monsters created from unloving, and negative sexual encounters. Men do not have to become zombie slaves to their primitive selves, acting as sex addicts, and feeling lost, disconnected and out of control. Ancient Eastern teachings such as Tantra and The Sacred Womb teachings, and methods can assist us in creating a better and brighter humanity.

Love & Light,

Tanya

Source by Tanya Copprue-Lanham

5 Tips to Establish Yourself As an Artist

Any artist that’s interested in marketing and selling their work at galleries, art festivals or online must know a few things before they begin. This article will discuss five major components beginner artists should think about before they embark on their journey as a successful artist. The first is believe in yourself. Second is create artwork that sales and third is become a business. Lastly, find a place to sell your work to help build your name and creditability. Let’s take a look at each one.

1. Believe in yourself. One of the most common negative trait many artists have is not believing they are a good enough artist. This is a bunch of bologna. If you have sold any artwork at all you are good enough. You may have to work on a few things but you have to start believing in yourself. I know an artist named Eric McCray who said he put a sign up for himself that said “Believe in Yourself” until he became the artist he wanted to be. So please, believe in yourself and tell all the negative thoughts in your head to shut up!

2. Create artwork. Create 20 to 30 pieces of artworks that are all consistent with each other. Don’t paint landscapes, portraits of pets, and abstracts. Choose your niche and stick to it! When collectors and galleries see your work they look for consistency. It shows that you are a professional. Also create art that sales. Don’t create art that is boring, dull or dark. People like to feel uplifted so please create your art accordingly.

3. Become a business. Set yourself up as a business. Get business cards, business licenses, separate checking accounts and etc. The worst thing you can do is be at an art show and you don’t have any business cards. You are completely missing out on sales. Next, get a website to help promote yourself as an artist. Website are fairly inexpensive these days and can be easily set up in no time. Also, read information about starting a business and have an entrepreneurial mindset.The more you learn about running a business and using different sales technique the better. Selling art is not just about applying to art shows,, selling on Etsy and being represented in art galleries but about marketing yourself nonstop using various marketing strategies that will help propel your business. I encourage you to read more books about marketing and selling as much as you read books on creating art. This will help you build the right mindset to run a successful business.

4. Find places to sell your work. Apply to art shows, art festivals, gift shops, galleries and the like. Do not go to libraries, coffee shops, or restaurants. People don’t go to these places to buy art. Just like real estate where location is king, same goes for finding places to sale your work. You have to place your art in front of people who would be willing to buy your art without any problem. Make sure you consider locations that are conducive to your market. You also want to put your art in front of people that pertains to your niche. If you paint birds you may want to sale at bird shows or several gift shops. Since I paint images of musicians playing different instruments I apply to music festivals. Do you see what I trying to get at.

5. Build a name for yourself. When you begin to sell your work at festivals, galleries or online set in motion your brand. Market yourself in such a way that when people think of art, or your niche, they think of you. The more you put your art in front of people the more chances of galleries and other art venues seek you out. You can also build your name by giving yourself a nickname like “the bird painter” if you paint birds. This could serve as your brand when building your customer base. I use a slogan that says “Jazz Up Your Life” since I paint musicians playing jazz music. When ever I do an outdoor show I have a sign up with that slogan above my tent. People respond to it very well.

Using all these tips can create a major impact for anyone trying to sell their artwork in their local area. There are a plethora of information out there that will mention many of these tips over and over again simply because they work. The more you focus on just creating art without planning on how to market and sell your artwork you will lose out. So please take head to these tips and move forward to becoming not just a good artist but a successful selling artist.

Source by Ahmad Austin

Work Design and Technology

To increase employees’ job satisfaction and productivity technology is used by organizations to redesign jobs and work schedules. Technology changes the organization’s work style and employees’ performance analysis process. Technology is not just an instrument which transfers input to output. This term is used as such a machinery and instrument which is sophisticated in natures and develop output through computers and other electronic instruments. This technology looms the industrial sectors and now cloth can be produced much quicker and faster than before.

Electronic instruments developed for money transfer and finance management, open dynamic progress in banking and finance sectors. Workplace style and work lives of employees are being affected by technology. Continuous improvement is demonstrated in any organization to enhance productivity and efficiency simultaneously. This continuous improvement requires modification in all organizational processes. The term re-engineering comes from developing a better electronic version. In any organization, re-engineering fundamentally demands altering the ways we do things.

Its primary rule is to commence from a plan sheet to rethink to alter current management system. This redesign means to spruce up the process by removing antiquated elements from any work design.

Management responsibility is to understand the key elements and core processes that insert worth to organizations’ distinctive competencies. Since early 1990s, process re-engineering has been popular and all major companies of European countries and of America have introduced some changes in support of work redesigning. The employees, who continue their jobs after redesign process in organization, found that they are not doing the same job. Work redesign process can include more employees’ services excellence, interaction with customers, coordination with suppliers and colleagues, more responsibilities, creativity, follow-up and incentives.

It is mostly tough on employees and takes 3 to 5 years to complete the whole process re-engineering. During this time period, workers get anxious while taking more responsibilities, challenges, new work style and because of risks involved. Implications for process re-engineering is designed and selected on individual and group basis. Employees’ motivation and reinforcement, cyber loafing and ethics related steps are taken on individual basis. Along with decision making, communication & coordination and organizational politics are taken on different look; for group level implications.

By introducing new technology in workplace, job rules and interpersonal relationships are also being changed. For analyzing work tasks its characteristics need to be understand first. These task attributes, collectively affect different jobs and determine employees’ performance, motivations and relationships. Tasks attributes mainly include expertise variety, task identity and its significance, independence provided and feedback. By keeping in mind these tasks characteristics employees’ development need strength can be evaluated for specific job; on the basis of core job dimensions, critical psychological state and personal and work outcomes.

Technology is also facilitated in establishing an ideal work design to enhance overall performance. Organizations are looking towards offering alternative work schedules options for employees. Employees need flexibility in a changing work place and work schedules options as in organizations they act as a strategic tool.

Source by Qaiser Fayyaz

Educational Classroom Games – Wheel of Fortune

GREAT GAME

Wheel of fortune

A useful tool to have for playing educational games in the classroom is a Sticky Ball. A Sticky Ball is a small plastic ball that is covered with miniature suction cups. These balls are ideal for playing target games on your classroom boards.

Wheel of Fortune is just one of the many fun games a teacher can play with their students to review concepts taught in class.

1) Divide the class into two teams.

2) Draw a giant wheel on the board and divide it up into 6-8 pie slices.

3) Make half the pie slices worth points (ie 1, 2, 3, 4)

4) The other sections are what add fun to the game. How you label them is up to you. However, here are some of the fan favourites.

– Bankrupt (Team loses all their points)

– Switch (Teams switch point totals)

– Cha-cha (Team must do the Cha-cha dance)

– Bow (Team must bow to their opponents)

– Kiss the Pig (Team must blow a kiss to a pig drawn on the board)

5) Begin play by choosing a player from each team and asking them a question from the lesson.

6) Once students have answered their question they go to the toss line and toss the Sticky Ball toward the target.

7) The game continues as long as you want and the team with the most point at the end of the last round is victorious.

If you want to make the game more competitive and move along more quickly only ask one question to the pair of students and allow the student who answers first to toss from a closer toss line.

Source by Lucas Kent

An Ideal Student

Who is an ideal student? Some may think that an ideal student should be brilliant in his studies and always stand at the tope of the successful students. But it is a wrong thinking. He should be well in his studies and his scores should be well above 50 percent. But he need not be brilliant. Brilliant students are often regard themselves as superior beings. Sometimes a brilliant student may be a bookworm. But an ideal student is hard-working, polite and gentle. He is intelligent and practical and never neglects studies or other activities of the school.

An ideal student is ever cheerful, positive, optimistic, cooperative disciplined and labourious. He is obedient and respectful. He pays proper respect to teachers, elders and his senior students. He is punctual, regular and cooperative and helps other students as best as he can. He spends some of his spare time in the library, reading books, magazines and newspapers but is never a bookworm. At the same time he takes active part in games and sports and co-curricular activities. He never neglects his body nor studies. He pays particular attention to the proper and all round development of his personality. He takes special care to have good moral character and courage. He is friendly, kind and cooperative and liked by his friends and teachers.

He is always active, smart, well-dressed, good mannered and humble. He need not wear fashionable or costly clothes or uniform. He is healthy, cheerful and good looking but need not be handsome and fashionable. His manners are acceptable, courteous and natural. Wherever he goes he spreads good cheer, warmth and friendliness. He is obedient but sometimes may be a little naughty. He enjoys good things of life in moderation and never acquires bad habits. He always keeps away from the bad company.

He aims at all-round development of his growing personality. He loves studies as much as games and sports. He takes daily some physical exercise to keep his body fit and trim. He believes in the saying that “All work and no play makes jack a dull boy”. Moderation and balance is the hall-mark of an ideal student’s life.

An ideal student is well aware of his duties and responsibilities as a student. He knows how much he owes to his parents, teachers and the society. He takes the full advantage of the opportunities offered. He uses his time wisely and in a planned way and believes that time is money. He knows that students are the future citizens, leaders, parents and scientists. This sense makes him devote all his energies into developing himself a meaningful and useful citizen of the country. He is always proud of his country, its history, culture and heritage.

An ideal student takes keen interest in social and welfare activities in his own way. He wants to make the world a better place. He studies the lives of great men and women of the country and draws inspiration from them. He tries to follow them and their teachings. He is never misguided nor suffers from an complex.

Source by Rahul K

The Art of Mixing and Mastering for Video Games

I think we all remember the old times when we played arcade games and all we could hear in the background were onomatopoeic sounds. And we can all agree upon the fact that video games have come a long way since then, both in terms of graphic and in terms of audio. The processes of mixing and mastering have left their mark and being an audio designer has become greatly profitable. But the work is equally demanding and it requires several technical skills in order to be able to deliver a truly professional final version of the game audio.

Basically, the mixing process can be considered the art of blending all the elements of a musical piece in a compatible way. The end product must be melodious and perfectly balanced. It may seem like a piece of cake, but it’s surely not. An audio designer needs many years of experience to achieve a level of professionalism required in order to make up a flawless mix. It’s called art because in the end, the engineer’s job is to give the song emotion and a certain sparkle. And this emotion, together with the line of the audio must fit the action of the video game. You can imagine that country music has nothing to do with slaying vampires or something of that sort. Dynamic effects are also put to use in this phase, such as equalization, delays or compression, which may provide a certain sense of space to your game audio.

The latter phase of the mixing and mastering is also the final stage of the recording process. But it is highly important and should be treated as such. Mastering acts as a quality controller before the final release. There has been some debate over the level of loudness at which an audio should be mastered, but in order for an audio designer to make clear determinations he ought to have critical listening. Of course they have the aid of special technical equipment and software mastering tools, but the final touch is still in the hands of the sound engineer. The end result also depends on the accuracy of speaker monitors. Moreover, disciplinary equalization and intense enhancements may be necessary for the improvement of the audio translation on any system.

All things considered, excelling at the art of mixing and mastering is a must for any audio designer and video game developers should only trust their music editing needs to professional studios that have the required experience and tools to deliver a faultless end product that meets all of your expectations and the ones of the consumers. Fortunately, it shouldn’t be very hard to find such a studio, as the world wide web has helped the industry of game audio through the developing of online masters and the advances of the sound technology. The online studios are now able to provide end to end audio solutions for every kind of video game you can think of. The cutting edge technology and top notch engineers will help you get a state of the art mix for your product.

Source by Groshan Fabiola

Tamil Short Stories

The short story format originated from Europe. The Tamil world believes that the short stories in Tamil can be traced back to the seventeenth century to 'Paramartha Kurunkathai' a transition from the classical Tamil poetry. VVS Iyer started a new trend in the 1880s giving the short stories its profound form.

Pudumaipithan started the next stage of Tamil short storiesand many other writers came out with brilliant stories in Tamil. Pudumaipithan, Ku.Pa. Ra and PSRamaiya and their contemporaries have written many stories that is today popular format with the Tamil literary circles and readers as the short story format.

Pudumaipithan

Pudumaipithan's stories carried messages for the society. His sincerely expressed his concern for the society and depicted the misery as well as drama in our lives. He wrote about the human relationships, their aspirations and life in general looked at closely. His 'Ponnagaram' was considered beyond the grasp of readers. He dealt with a wide array of subjects in his stories while also experimenting with the art of story telling. His writing included sarcasm and wit and the stories appeared natural and realistic. The examples like 'Kodukkapuli Maram' and 'Naasakkaara Gumbal' bring out the above qualities of his writing. He has deftly used the dialects of Madras or Tirunelveli in his stories as appropriate. His writings reflected the influence of foreign writers like Maupassant, Nathaniel Hawthorne and others in the western world. He has penned over 150 short stories in Tamil.

T.Janakiraman

T.Janakiraman's short stories brought the vagaries in the lives of people wonderfully and people could identify them with the characters.

Jayakanthan

Jayakanthan had written many outstanding stories some of which went on to be filmed later on. Most of his stories were published by Ananda Vikatan. While working in the office of 'Janasakthi' he developed a liking for Tamil literature and writing in Tamil. His stories were mostly about the people from the people living in the slums or extremely poor people.

N.Pichamoorthy

N.Pichamoorthy is a well known writer of Tamil short stories. 'Mannasai' is one of his popular short stories.

Sujatha

Sujatha is the pen name of S.Rangarajan who has written over 100 Tamil novels and 250 short stories in Tamil. His style of writing earned him a wide readership. His science fiction is said to be a pioneering work in Tamil. He could unravel science in his own inimitable simple words that can be understood by all. 'Aathma' is a short story which is a thrilling narration of a day in a computer engineer's life. Suri had made the computer the ability to predict the future giving it a set of rules that can observe the planetary positions. To test its efficacy he gives his birth details and the computer instantly gives the output on the screen. That turns out to be his death sentence, in a way. He was going to die that same night exactly at 23:11:59. So healthy and full of life, he could not believe it and does random checks in hurry. The story ends with the arrival of the inevitable moment. Sujatha's stories were published in popular Tamil magazines like Kumudam, Ananda Vikatan and Kalki.

Source by Rangoo Srinivas