Teaching methods are various ways of imparting knowledge to students or pupils in schools. Teaching is one of the best profession in the world because majority of professions and careers derived their origin from Education. Therefore we should adopt in many ways of teaching so that the students can easily assimilate the topics as soon as possible. The most problems encountered by teachers today that affects students negatively is methods of teaching adopted by teachers.
The teachers know the subject and topics very well but find it difficult to teach and transmit this knowledge and ideas to students which make it difficult for the students to understand mostly science oriented subjects and mathematical subjects.
Bad methods of teaching discourage students from knowing the subject as well lead to their failures in the examinations.
Now let us look at the various methods of teaching
1 DESCRIPTIVE METHODS-The teachers starts by describing the topics and subject to the students. E. g the table has four legs and a flat tops. It is used for writing, reading and eating and for serving dinners. The teacher describe in details all he knows about table, house, or any subject matters.
2 EXPLANATORY METHODS-In this methods the teacher start teaching by explaining the topics to students in forms of definition. Examples is money-He or she defines money as anything that is generally acceptable as means of payment and settlement of debts. . it is alegal tender.
The teacher explain into details all he knows about money for students to understand.
3 QUESTIONS AND ANSWER METHODS-The teachers start teaching by asking the students questions relating to the topics and based on the subjects and topics at hands while the students replies by finding solutions to the questions asked. E. g What is Biology?While the students gives back answer by defining biology as the subjects that studie s living things which includes plants and animals.
The teacher then went further to deliver his teaching by explaining in details the meaning of biology and asked them more questions relating to the subject matters at the end of the teaching or lecture.
4 EXPERIMENTAL METHODS-The teacher uses experiment to teach and impart knowledge to the stuidents. it is usually done in the laboratory or classroom with lots of experimental tools and equipments. It creates lasting memory since students are exposed to practicals that enhanced their learning rate. They enen practice it them selves to ascertain levels of understanding while the teachers corrects wher there is mistakes.
5 PLAYWAY METHODS-This is a methods where by the teacher palys with students in form of singing and rhymes recitation while the students or pupils sing along and dance with the teacher.
In doing so the teacher impart knowledge and ideas into the pupils through singing and demonstrating with pupils. E. g Row Row your boat gently down the stream, merrly merrily life is but a dream. While the pupils sing along and play with the teacher. it is applicable to pupils in lower classes such as kindergarten and pre -nursery classes.
6 LECTURE METHODS-This is a methods whereby the teacher deliver his topics or subjects in form of lectures. He stood in front of the students and teach as well dictates to the students as well writes on the chalkboard. He then give them assignment at the end of the lecture.
He explain in details the content of the subject matter.
He then give them assignment at the end of the lecture.
7 FIELD TRIP METHODS-This methods involves the teacher and students embark on a field trip to see things for themselves as well the teacher assigned to this trip shows and explain to the students what they see and came across.
E. g A visit to the zoo, visit to botanical garden, hospitalls, airports, seeports, industries anad banks.
This methods make impression and learning last longer in students memory because of what they see, feel and touch with their five sensory organs of the body such as eyes, nose, tongue, skinn ears etc. This methods is one of the best methods used in scientific research and environmental studies.
8 LISTENING METHODS-The teacher teaches while the students listens to the teacher as he explaiins the topics to the students
All the important points will be explained to the students while students ask questions regarding the areas they do not understand.
The teacher gives the students assignment and home work after the lesson
9 DISCUSSION METHODS-This is a methods whereby the teacher discusses the topics with the students in details. it is a win-win situation, the students asked questions in areas where they do not understand. The teacher start teaching by writing the topics on the chalkboard and discuss it with the students as he progressed with the topics
The teacher gives the students time to ask questions regarding the subject matter.
Examples are Let us discuss the topic-Economics-He then discuss Economics as subject that studies human behaviour in relation to resources that has alternate uses. He then say something about carcicity, choice, opportunity cost, scale of preferences e. t. c to butress his assertion.
Above all teachers should endeavor to adopt the best methods student can easily understand to drive home their points
Teachers should avoid complicated methods that will put the students off during lessons.
Topic sentences should be well highlighted and explained as well be defined clearly for easy assimilation.
Therefore be a good teacher that leaves a good legacy behind for the younger generations. because the youth of today are the great leaders of tomorrow.